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High-speed flattening of crystallized glass substrates by dressed-photon–phonon etching

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Dressed-photon–phonon (DPP) etching is a non-contact flattening technology that realizes ultra-flat surfaces and has been reported to achieve an arithmetic mean surface roughness, R a, on the order of 0.1 nm in various materials, such as fused silica, plastic films, and GaN crystal. In this study, we successfully flattened the surface of a crystallized glass substrate in several seconds using laser light with a higher power density than that used in previous studies. The target substrate had an initial appearance similar to frosted glass, with an R a of 92.5 nm. We performed DPP etching under a Cl2 atmosphere using a CW laser with a wavelength of 532 nm, a power of 8 W, and a spot diameter of 0.2 mm. After 1 s of processing, we obtained a flat surface with an R a of 5.00 nm. This surface roughness equaled or surpassed that of a substrate flattened by conventional chemical mechanical polishing, with an R a of 5.77 nm. Through the detailed analysis of atomic force microscopic images, we found the DPP etching resulted in the smaller standard deviation of the height difference than CMP in the smaller lateral size than 50 nm.

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This research was supported in part by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI). The crystallized glass substrates used in this study were provided by Showa Denko K.K.

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Correspondence to W. Nomura.

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Nomura, W., Yatsui, T., Kawazoe, T. et al. High-speed flattening of crystallized glass substrates by dressed-photon–phonon etching. Appl. Phys. A 121, 1403–1407 (2015).

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