X-ray fluorescence (XRF) is a well known nondestructive technique. It is also applied to multilayer characterization, due to its possibility of estimating both composition and thickness of the layers. Several kinds of cultural heritage samples can be considered as a complex multilayer, such as paintings or decorated objects or some types of metallic samples. Furthermore, they often have rough surfaces and this makes a precise determination of the structure and composition harder. The standard quantitative XRF approach does not take into account this aspect. In this paper, we propose a novel approach based on a combined use of X-ray measurements performed with a polychromatic beam and Monte Carlo simulations. All the information contained in an X-ray spectrum is used. This approach allows obtaining a very good estimation of the sample contents both in terms of chemical elements and material thickness, and in this sense, represents an improvement of the possibility of XRF measurements. Some examples will be examined and discussed.
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Brunetti, A., Golosio, B., Melis, M.G. et al. A high-quality multilayer structure characterization method based on X-ray fluorescence and Monte Carlo simulation. Appl. Phys. A 118, 497–504 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-014-8838-9
- Monte Carlo
- Monte Carlo Code
- Fluorescence Photon
- Variance Reduction Technique
- Polychromatic Beam