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Applied Physics A

, 96:691 | Cite as

A simple thermal decomposition synthesis, magnetic properties, and cytotoxicity of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 nanoparticles

  • Sujittra Daengsakul
  • Charusporn Mongkolkachit
  • Chunpen Thomas
  • Sineenat Siri
  • Ian Thomas
  • Vittaya Amornkitbamrung
  • Santi Maensiri
Article

Abstract

This study reports the new and simple synthesis of magnetic La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) nanoparticles by thermal decomposition method using acetate salts of La, Sr and Mn as starting materials. To obtain the LSMO nanoparticles, thermal decomposition of the precursor is carried out at the temperatures of 600, 700, 800, 900, and 1000°C for 6 hours. The synthesized LSMO nanoparticles were characterized by XRD, FT-IR, TEM and SEM. Structural characterization shows that the prepared particles consisted of two phases of LaMnO3 (LMO) and LSMO with crystallite sizes ranging from 18 to 55 nm. All the prepared samples have a perovskite structure which changes from cubic to rhombohedral with the increase in the thermal decomposition temperature. Basic magnetic characteristics such as saturation magnetization (M S) and coercive field (H C) are evaluated by sample vibrating magnetometry at room temperature (20°C). The samples show soft ferromagnetic behavior with M S values of ∼9–55 emu/g and H C values of ∼8–37 Oe, depending on the crystallite size and thermal decomposition temperature. The relationship between the crystallite size and the magnetic properties is presented and discussed. The cytotoxicity of synthesized LSMO nanoparticles was also evaluated with NIH 3T3 cells and the result showed that the synthesized nanoparticles were not toxic to the cells as determined from cell viability in response to the liquid extraction of LSMO nanoparticles.

PACS

61.05.Cp 75.47.Lx 75.50.Tt 81.07.Bc 81.10.Dn 81.16.Be 81.20.Ka 81.70.Pg 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sujittra Daengsakul
    • 1
    • 2
  • Charusporn Mongkolkachit
    • 3
  • Chunpen Thomas
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sineenat Siri
    • 2
    • 4
  • Ian Thomas
    • 1
    • 2
  • Vittaya Amornkitbamrung
    • 1
    • 2
  • Santi Maensiri
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  2. 2.Integrated Nanotechnology Research Center (INRC)Khon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  3. 3.National Metal and Materials Technology Center (MTEC) 114 Thailand Science ParkPathumthanThailand
  4. 4.Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of ScienceKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand

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