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Large-area bi-component processing of organic semiconductors by spray deposition and spin coating with orthogonal solvents

Abstract

Micrometre-thick uniform layers of a polymeric semiconductor (poly(3-hexylthiophene), P3HT) have been fabricated from solution by spray deposition making use of a commercial airbrush. Multi-scale characterization by optical microscopy and atomic force microscopy revealed the formation of smooth layers featuring reproducible patterns of spatially correlated micron-sized holes. This morphology was found to be uniform over the whole sample surface, on millimetre scale. On this micro-patterned P3HT layer an orthogonal solvent (i.e. a solvent which does not dissolve the P3HT) has been employed to deposit either by spin coating or by drop casting a second organic semiconductor. While spin-coated films exhibited nano-crystals of an alkylated perylene tetracarboxy diimide (PDI) preferentially grown into the micro-fabricated holes, drop-cast films displayed crystalline PDI fibres adsorbed on the patterned surface in random positions.

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Correspondence to Paolo Samorì.

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This work was supported by the ESF-SONS2-SUPRAMATES project, the German Science Foundation (Mu 334/28-1), the Regione Emilia-Romagna PRIITT Nanofaber Net-Lab as well as the EU through the projects Marie Curie EST—SUPER (MEST-CT-2004-008128) and the RTN PRAIRIES (MRTN-CT-2006-035810).

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Treossi, E., Liscio, A., Feng, X. et al. Large-area bi-component processing of organic semiconductors by spray deposition and spin coating with orthogonal solvents. Appl. Phys. A 95, 15–20 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-009-5123-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-009-5123-4

PACS

  • 68.37.Ps
  • 68.55.Am
  • 68.55.Ag
  • 81.15.Rs
  • 81.16.Dn