Skip to main content

A low-temperature evaporation route for ZnO nanoneedles and nanosaws


A low-temperature (550 °C) catalyst-free route has been applied to fabricate ZnO nanoneedles and nanosaws via evaporation of metallic Zn powder. The nanoneedles are vertically aligned on GaN(0001)/Si(111) substrates. Based on electron-microscopy observations, we postulate that the needles grew from the closely stacked ZnO columnar grains, which were formed with 〈0001〉 texture in an early stage. The uniquely shaped ZnO nanosaws were found in a large quantity under a similar low-temperature growth condition. In addition, single-crystalline micrometer saws were also obtained under an increased Zn vapor supersaturation by changing the sample configuration.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Z.L. Wang: Nanowires and Nanobelts, Vols. 1 and 2 (Kluwer, Boston 2003)

  2. Y. Xia, P. Yang, Y. Sun, Y. Wu, B. Mayers, B. Gates, Y. Yin, F. Kim, H. Yan: Adv. Mater. (Spec. Issue on Nanowires) 15, 353 (2003)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. J. Goldberger, R. He, Y. Zhang, S. Lee, H. Yan, H.-J. Choi, P. Yang: Nature 422, 599 (2003)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  4. B.P. Zhang, N.T. Binh, K. Wakatsuki, N. Usami, Y. Segawa: Appl. Phys. A 79, 1711 (2004)

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  5. V.A.L. Roy, A.B. Djurisic, W.K. Chan, J. Gao, H.F. Liu, C. Surya: Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 141 (2003)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  6. Z. Chen, Z. Shan, M.S. Cao, L. Lu, S.X. Mao: Nanotechnology 15, 365 (2004)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  7. H.J. Fan, R. Scholz, F.M. Kolb, M. Zacharias, U. Gösele, F. Hyrothe, C. Eisenschmidt, T. Hempel, J. Christen: Appl. Phys. A 79, 1895 (2004)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  8. Z.L. Wang: Nanowires and Nanobelts, Materials, Properties and Devices (Kluwer 2003)

  9. A. Dadgar, A. Strittmatter, J. Bläsing, M. Poschenrieder, O. Contreras, P. Veit, T. Riemann, F. Bertram, A. Reiher, A. Krtschil, A. Diez, T. Hempel, T. Finger, A. Kasic, M. Schubert, D. Bimberg, F.A. Ponce, J. Christen, A. Krost: Phys. Status Solidi C 0, 1583 (2003)

  10. H.J. Fan, F. Bertram, A. Dadgar, J. Christen, A. Krost, M. Zacharias: Nanotechnology 15, 1401 (2004)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  11. Y.W. Zhu, H.Z. Zahng, X.C. Sun, S.Q. Feng, J. Su, Q. Zhang, B. Xiang, R.M. Wang, D.P. Yu: Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 144 (2003)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  12. W.I. Park, G.C. Yi: Adv. Mater. 16, 87 (2004)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. E.M. Wong, P.C. Searson: Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2939 (1999)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  14. Y.C. Kong, D.P. Yu, B. Zhang, W. Fang, S.Q. Feng: Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 407 (2001)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  15. K. Vanheusden, W.L. Warren, C.H. Seager, D.R. Tallant, J.A. Voigt, B.E. Gnade: J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7983 (1996)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  16. Y.K. Tseng, C.J. Huang, H.M. Cheng, I.N. Lin, K.S. Liu, I.C. Chen: Adv. Funct. Mater. 13, 811 (2003)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. J.J. Wu, S.C. Liu: Adv. Mater. 14, 215 (2002)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Z.L. Wang, X.Y. Kong, J.M. Zuo: Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 185502-1 (2003)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  19. E.I. Givargizov: J. Cryst. Growth 31, 20 (1975)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to H.J. Fan.

Additional information


81.07.-b; 81.05.Dz; 78.67.-n; 68.70.+w; 81.16.Be

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Fan, H., Scholz, R., Dadgar, A. et al. A low-temperature evaporation route for ZnO nanoneedles and nanosaws. Appl. Phys. A 80, 457–460 (2005).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: