Applied Physics A

, Volume 77, Issue 1, pp 109–111

Femtosecond waveguide writing: a new avenue to three-dimensional integrated optics

  • S. Nolte
  • M. Will
  • J. Burghoff
  • A. Tuennermann
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Abstract.

Using tightly focussed femtosecond laser pulses, waveguides can be fabricated inside various glasses and crystals. This technique has the potential to generate not only planar but three-dimensional photonic devices. In this paper we present, to the best of our knowledge, the first true three-dimensional integrated optical device, a 1×3 splitter fabricated in pure fused silica. The optical properties of this device and possibilities for the fabrication of complex high-density integrated optical elements are discussed.

PACS: 42.62.-b; 42.82.-m; 42.82.Et; 81.20.-n 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Nolte
    • 1
  • M. Will
    • 1
  • J. Burghoff
    • 1
  • A. Tuennermann
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Applied Physics, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Wien-Platz 1, 07743 Jena, GermanyDE

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