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Coral Reefs

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 369–380 | Cite as

The human side of reef management: a case study analysis of the socioeconomic framework of Montego Bay Marine Park

  • L. Bunce
  • K. Gustavson
  • J. Williams
  • M. Miller
REPORT

Abstract

 This study furthers our understanding of the role of socioeconomics in coral reef management by demonstrating the importance, as well as means, of incorporating socioeconomic information into coral reef management. A case study analysis was made of the socioeconomic context of the three primary user groups in Montego Bay Marine Park, Jamaica: fishers, hoteliers and watersports operators. The primary means of data collection were document analysis, interviews with individuals representative of user groups, focus groups and participant observation. The results regarding user’s awareness, user groups’ relations with the managing agency, relations among and within user groups, resource use patterns, and sociocultural values demonstrate the need to: increase public awareness of the benefits of the Park, increase user awareness of Park management activities, increase user involvement in Park management, and develop intersectoral coordination. These findings provide useful guidance for future Park management and, in a more general context, illustrate the importance of socioeconomic assessments for reef management.

Key words Marine park Reef management Socioeconomic Montego Bay Jamaica 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Bunce
    • 1
  • K. Gustavson
    • 2
  • J. Williams
    • 3
  • M. Miller
    • 3
  1. 1.International Program Office N/IPO National Ocean Service National Oceanic and atmospheric administration 1305 East-West Highway SSMC-IV/13th Floor Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA Fax: +1 301-713 4263 e-mail: leah.bunce@noaa.govUS
  2. 2.Department of Geography University of Victoria PO Box 3050 Victoria, BC V8W 3P5 CanadaCA
  3. 3.Montego Bay Marine Park Pier 1 Howard Cooke Blvd Montego Bay Jamaica, West IndiesJM

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