Coral Reefs

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 1317–1317 | Cite as

Large Porites microatoll found by aerial survey at Sesoko Island, Okinawa, Japan

Reef Site

The hermatypic coral, Porites, grows into a large, solid or flat-topped microatoll, typically comprised of a single coral colony, usually round, and with a flat or concave upper surface devoid of living polyps (Stoddart and Scoffin 1979). The largest reported Porites microatoll in fossil records from the Pacific and southern China was ca. 9 m in diameter (Woodroffe and Webster 2014).

An extremely large microatoll of P. australiensis Vaughan, 1918 (Fig. 1) was found ca. 150 m offshore from the southern coast of Sesoko Island, Okinawa, Japan (26°37′39.47″N, 127°51′39.77″E) by aerial surveys in March–April 2017 using a drone (Phantom 3 Professional; DJI Co. Ltd, Guangdong, China), improved to be water resistant by Japan Circuit Co. Ltd (Kanagawa, Japan). Sesoko Island is located northwest of Okinawa Island in the East China Sea and is thus protected from Pacific typhoons. The microatoll is located east of the fringing reef from the south end the island on a slanted sandy to pebble bottom (ca. 1.2–3.0 m deep at near mean low-water springs). The reef protects the microatoll from ocean waves from the East China Sea. The tidal range of the site is ca. 2.3 m.
Fig. 1

Large Porites microatoll at Sesoko Island, Okinawa, Japan. a Aerial photo taken from an altitude of 11 m at near low tide. The top of the microatoll is near the sea surface. b Underwater view

The length of the longest axis is 11.1 m, and the circumference is 33.7 m. The living part of the microatoll (on the outer edge) is circular and 0.5–1.5 m in width. The estimated growth rate of P. australiensis at Sesoko Island is 2.6–10.8 mm yr−1 (Hayashi et al. 2013). At this growth rate, the age of the microatoll is between 500 and 2100 yr. The stable environment at the site could lead to such longevity. Our study highlights the usefulness of drone surveys in the study of coral reef topography.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Comments from Dr. A. Suzuki improved the manuscript. The study was partially supported by JSPS KAKENHI (No. 15K12253).

References

  1. Hayashi E, Suzuki A, Nakamura T, Iwase A, Ishimura T, Iguchi A, Sakai K, Okai T, Inoue M, Araoka D, Murayama S, Kawabata H (2013) Growth-rate influences on coral climate proxies tested by a multiple colony culture experiment. Earth Planet Sci Lett 362:198–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Stoddart DR, Scoffin TP (1979) Microatolls: review of form, origin and terminology. Atoll Res Bull 224:1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Woodroffe CD, Webster JM (2014) Coral reefs and sea-level change. Mar Geol 352:248–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of AgricultureEhime UniversityMatsuyamaJapan
  2. 2.Sesoko Station, Tropical Biosphere Research CenterUniversity of the RyukyusMotobuJapan

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