Coral Reefs

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 625–638 | Cite as

Comparative phylogeography of reef fishes from the Gulf of Aden to the Arabian Sea reveals two cryptic lineages

  • Joseph D. DiBattista
  • Michelle R. Gaither
  • Jean-Paul A. Hobbs
  • Pablo Saenz-Agudelo
  • Marek J. Piatek
  • Brian W. Bowen
  • Luiz A. Rocha
  • J. Howard Choat
  • Jennifer H. McIlwain
  • Mark A. Priest
  • Tane H. Sinclair-Taylor
  • Michael L. Berumen
Report

Abstract

The Arabian Sea is a heterogeneous region with high coral cover and warm stable conditions at the western end (Djibouti), in contrast to sparse coral cover, cooler temperatures, and upwelling at the eastern end (southern Oman). We tested for barriers to dispersal across this region (including the Gulf of Aden and Gulf of Oman), using mitochondrial DNA surveys of 11 reef fishes. Study species included seven taxa from six families with broad distributions across the Indo-Pacific and four species restricted to the Arabian Sea (and adjacent areas). Nine species showed no significant genetic partitions, indicating connectivity among contrasting environments spread across 2000 km. One butterflyfish (Chaetodon melannotus) and a snapper (Lutjanus kasmira) showed phylogenetic divergences of d = 0.008 and 0.048, respectively, possibly indicating cryptic species within these broadly distributed taxa. These genetic partitions at the western periphery of the Indo-Pacific reflect similar partitions recently discovered at the eastern periphery of the Indo-Pacific (the Hawaiian and the Marquesan Archipelagos), indicating that these disjunctive habitats at the ends of the range may serve as evolutionary incubators for coral reef organisms.

Keywords

Coral-reef fishes Cryptic species Endemism Life-history mtDNA Red Sea 

Supplementary material

338_2017_1548_MOESM1_ESM.docx (151 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 151 kb)
338_2017_1548_MOESM2_ESM.docx (30 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 31 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph D. DiBattista
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michelle R. Gaither
    • 3
    • 4
  • Jean-Paul A. Hobbs
    • 2
  • Pablo Saenz-Agudelo
    • 1
    • 5
  • Marek J. Piatek
    • 6
    • 7
  • Brian W. Bowen
    • 3
  • Luiz A. Rocha
    • 4
  • J. Howard Choat
    • 8
  • Jennifer H. McIlwain
    • 2
  • Mark A. Priest
    • 1
    • 9
  • Tane H. Sinclair-Taylor
    • 1
  • Michael L. Berumen
    • 1
  1. 1.Red Sea Research Center, Division of Biological and Environmental Science and EngineeringKing Abdullah University of Science and TechnologyThuwalSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Environment and AgricultureCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  3. 3.Hawai‘i Institute of Marine BiologyKaneoheUSA
  4. 4.Section of IchthyologyCalifornia Academy of SciencesSan FranciscoUSA
  5. 5.Instituto de Ciencias Ambientales y EvolutivasUniversidad Austral de ChileValdiviaChile
  6. 6.Computational Bioscience Research CenterKing Abdullah University of Science and TechnologyThuwalSaudi Arabia
  7. 7.Biosciences DivisionOak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA
  8. 8.School of Marine and Tropical BiologyJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia
  9. 9.Marine Spatial Ecology LabUniversity of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

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