Coral Reefs

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 379–395 | Cite as

Climate change and coral reef connectivity

  • P. L. Munday
  • J. M. Leis
  • J. M. Lough
  • C. B. Paris
  • M. J. Kingsford
  • M. L. Berumen
  • J. Lambrechts
Review

Abstract

This review assesses and predicts the impacts that rapid climate change will have on population connectivity in coral reef ecosystems, using fishes as a model group. Increased ocean temperatures are expected to accelerate larval development, potentially leading to reduced pelagic durations and earlier reef-seeking behaviour. Depending on the spatial arrangement of reefs, the expectation would be a reduction in dispersal distances and the spatial scale of connectivity. Small increase in temperature might enhance the number of larvae surviving the pelagic phase, but larger increases are likely to reduce reproductive output and increase larval mortality. Changes to ocean currents could alter the dynamics of larval supply and changes to planktonic productivity could affect how many larvae survive the pelagic stage and their condition at settlement; however, these patterns are likely to vary greatly from place-to-place and projections of how oceanographic features will change in the future lack sufficient certainty and resolution to make robust predictions. Connectivity could also be compromised by the increased fragmentation of reef habitat due to the effects of coral bleaching and ocean acidification. Changes to the spatial and temporal scales of connectivity have implications for the management of coral reef ecosystems, especially the design and placement of marine-protected areas. The size and spacing of protected areas may need to be strategically adjusted if reserve networks are to retain their efficacy in the future.

Keywords

Climate change Population connectivity Global warming Larval dispersal Habitat fragmentation Marine-protected areas 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. L. Munday
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. M. Leis
    • 3
  • J. M. Lough
    • 1
    • 4
  • C. B. Paris
    • 5
  • M. J. Kingsford
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. L. Berumen
    • 6
  • J. Lambrechts
    • 7
  1. 1.ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef StudiesJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia
  2. 2.School of Marine and Tropical BiologyJames Cook UniversityTownsvilleAustralia
  3. 3.Australian MuseumSydneyAustralia
  4. 4.Australian Institute of Marine ScienceTownsvilleAustralia
  5. 5.Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric ScienceUniversity of MiamiMiamiUSA
  6. 6.Biology DepartmentWoods Hole Oceanographic InstituteWoods HoleUSA
  7. 7.Centre for Systems Engineering and Applied MechanicsUniversité catholique de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium

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