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Coral Reefs

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 513–513 | Cite as

Sponge orange band (SOB): a pathogenic-like condition of the giant barrel sponge, Xestospongia muta

  • J. D. Cowart
  • T. P. Henkel
  • S. E. McMurray
  • J. R. Pawlik
Reef Site

Keywords

Sponge Predatory Fish Tissue Loss Orange Coloration Rapid Pace 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by NOAA’s Undersea Research Center at UNCW (NA 96RU-0260) and NSF Biological Oceanography (OCE-0095724).

References

  1. Dunlap M, Pawlik JR (1998) Spongivory by parrotfishes in Florida mangrove and reef habitats. Mar Ecol PSZNI 19:325–337Google Scholar
  2. Steindler L, Hucheon D, Avni A, Ilan M (2005) 16S rRNA phylogeny of sponge associated cyanobacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol 71:4127–4131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Vincente VP (1990) Response of sponges with autotrophic endosymbionts during the coral-bleaching episode in Puerto Rico (West Indies). Coral Reefs 8:199–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. D. Cowart
    • 1
  • T. P. Henkel
    • 1
  • S. E. McMurray
    • 1
  • J. R. Pawlik
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Marine ScienceUniversity of North Carolina WilmingtonWilmingtonUSA

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