Coral Reefs

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 160–160 | Cite as

Spawning of the giant barrel sponge Xestospongia muta in Belize

  • Raphael Ritson-Williams
  • Mikel A. Becerro
  • Valerie J. Paul
Reef Site


Water Column Sponge Coral Reef Reef Slope Full Moon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Special thanks to the Caribbean Coral Reef Ecosystems program for funding and Klaus Rützler for his helpful comments. This is contribution # 709 of the CCRE program and # 604 of the Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.


  1. Fell P (1993) Porifera. In: Adiyodi KG, Adiyodi RG (eds) Reproductive biology of invertebrates: asexual propagation and reproductive strategies, vol VI, Part A. Oxford and IBH Publishing, New Delhi, pp 1–44Google Scholar
  2. Hoppe WF, Reichert MJM (1987) Predictable annual mass release of gametes by the coral reef sponge Neofibularia nolitangere (Porifera: Demospongiae). Mar Biol 94:277–285Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raphael Ritson-Williams
    • 1
  • Mikel A. Becerro
    • 1
    • 2
  • Valerie J. Paul
    • 1
  1. 1.Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort PierceFort PierceUSA
  2. 2.Center for Advanced Studies (CEAB, CSIC)17300 BlanesSpain

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