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Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 535–549 | Cite as

An 800 year record of mangrove dynamics and human activities in the upper Gulf of Thailand

  • Paramita PunwongEmail author
  • Sanpisa Sritrairat
  • Katherine Selby
  • Rob Marchant
  • Nathsuda Pumijumnong
  • Paweena Traiperm
Original Article

Abstract

A multiproxy record comprising pollen, charcoal, loss on ignition and particle size analyses from two radiocarbon dated sediment cores from Klong Kone subdistrict on the western coast of the Gulf of Thailand provides insights on mangrove dynamics, environmental changes and human activities during the last 800 years. The mangroves were dominated by Rhizophora which indicates that the area has been influenced by the sea level from at least 820 cal bp until 720 cal bp. An intertidal area may have formed that supported mangrove development as part of an old shoreline during 820–720 cal bp. After 720 cal bp, mangroves decreased and were replaced by grasses, suggesting that a lower sea level caused the mangroves to grow closer to the sea until around 140 cal bp. Cereal pollen increased from 720 cal bp suggesting probable use of the shoreline for intensive cultivation. The mangroves were characterised by Avicennia, which increased toward the top of the 2 cores, suggesting that the mangroves then grew further inland, probably due to recent sea-level rise. Intensive human activity is recorded during the 20th century, as indicated by increased particle size, charcoal and carbonate content. At present, human activity in the area includes dams and construction as well as aquaculture.

Keywords

Sea-level change Pollen Charcoal Klong Kone Dvaravati 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Appreciation is expressed to Pratueng Cheuliang, Kamalaporn Kanongdate, Siraprapha Premcharoen and Klong Kone Mangrove Conservation Center as well as Mahidol students: Sureephorn Phomplin, Ausanee Sittiwong, Naruebet Permpoon, Jutamas Yimpray and Kanpong Duangpustra for their support and assistance throughout this fieldwork. We are grateful to Sureephorn Phomplin for laboratory assistance. We would like to thank Maria Gehrels, and the Environment Department, University of York for support in the laboratory and other areas. This study was fully funded by the Thailand Research Fund (TRG 5880181) and Mahidol University. The laboratory work in York was funded by a Researcher Links Travel Grant from the Newton Fund (2015).

Supplementary material

334_2017_651_MOESM1_ESM.docx (14 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 14 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paramita Punwong
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Sanpisa Sritrairat
    • 1
  • Katherine Selby
    • 2
  • Rob Marchant
    • 3
  • Nathsuda Pumijumnong
    • 1
  • Paweena Traiperm
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculty of Environment and Resource StudiesMahidol UniversitySalayaThailand
  2. 2.Environment DepartmentUniversity of YorkYorkUK
  3. 3.York Institute of Tropical Ecosystems, Environment DepartmentUniversity of YorkYorkUK
  4. 4.Department of Plant Science, Faculty of ScienceMahidol UniversityBangkokThailand

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