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A palaeoenvironmental and palaeoeconomic approach to the Early Middle Age record from the village of Gasteiz (Basque Country, Northern Iberian Peninsula)

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Abstract

An integrated archaeobotanical study carried out in the medieval village of Gasteiz (Basque Country, Northern Iberian Peninsula) was able to establish a diachronic view of the evolution of the vegetal landscape, the plant economy and the forest management in this rural community between the 8th and 12th centuries ad, through the study of seeds, fruits, firewood, pollen, spores and non-pollen palynomorphs. The main results show the presence of an anthropogenic vegetal landscape, shaped by the economic activities of the inhabitants of the village, based on cereal crops, legumes and animal husbandry. Also new data are provided about forest management related to metallurgical activities.

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Acknowledgments

During the writing of this manuscript one of the authors (Lydia Zapata) died and left a hole that can never be filled. We want to dedicate this work to her. S. Pérez-Díaz is currently supported by a post-doctoral research grant (Basque Government) at Toulouse 2 Jean Jaurès University. This study was funded by the “Consolider Research Program in Technologies for Evaluation and Preservation of Cultural Heritage” (TCP-CSD2007-00058). S. Pérez-Díaz and L. Zapata are part of the Research Group in Prehistory IT622-13/UFI 11-09 of the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) and Project HAR2011-23716 Nuevos cultivos, nuevos paisajes, funded by the Plan Nacional I + D + I. A. Azkarate and J. L. Solaun are part of the Built Heritage Research Group (GPAC) -GIC10/20- and the UFI Global Change & Heritage -UFI 11/26- of the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU).

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Correspondence to Sebatián Pérez-Díaz.

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Communicated by J.-L. de Beaulieu.

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Supplementary material 1 (DOC 81 kb) ESM Origin of macroremain samples. * Samples with large amounts of wood charcoals. In these cases we have selected a representative number (50/100 elements, unidentified not included) per stratigraphic unit

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Pérez-Díaz, S., Ruiz-Alonso, M., López-Sáez, J.A. et al. A palaeoenvironmental and palaeoeconomic approach to the Early Middle Age record from the village of Gasteiz (Basque Country, Northern Iberian Peninsula). Veget Hist Archaeobot 24, 683–697 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-015-0522-2

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