Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 187–196 | Cite as

Archaeobotanical finds from the Nadymsky Gorodok medieval settlement in the forest-tundra of Western Siberia, Russia

Original Article

Abstract

The article presents archaeobotanical records from a cultural layer of the medieval settlement Nadymsky Gorodok located in the West Siberian forest-tundra. The obtained plant macrofossil complexes reveal the natural environment at the time of colonization, as well as housekeeping peculiarities of the indigenous inhabitants in the study region. According to archaeological and tree-ring analysis data, people founded the Nadymsky Gorodok settlement in the 12th century ad and stayed there till ad 1730. Ruderal plant macrofossils prevail in the majority of complexes. The absence of cultivated and segetal plants proves that agriculture was not practiced at this site during the Middle Ages. Abundant remains of edible wild plants indicate the important role of gathering in the life of the Nadymsky Gorodok inhabitants.

Keywords

Plant macrofossils Middle Ages Nadymsky Gorodok Indigenous people Forest-tundra Western Siberia 

References

  1. Aleksashenko NA, Kosintsev PA (2010) Khozyaistvo naselenia severa Zapadnoii Sibiri v epochu zheleza [Farming population of the north of Western Siberia in the Iron Age]. In: Alekseev VV (ed) Istoriya Yamala [History of the Yamal], Vol 1, Basko, Yekaterinburg, pp 156–182 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  2. Czerepanov SK (1995) Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states [in former USSR]. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  3. Dobrokhotov VN (1961) Semena sornyh rastenii [Seed of weeds]. Selhozizdat, Moscow (in Russian)Google Scholar
  4. Dorogostajskaja EV (1972) Sornye rasteniya Kraiinego Cevera SSSR [Weeds of the far North of the USSR]. Nauka, Leningrad (in Russian)Google Scholar
  5. Elert AKh (ed) (1996) Sibir’ XVIII veka v putevych opisaniiach G.F. Millera [Siberia of 18th century in travel notes by G.F. Müller]. Sibirsky Khronograf, Novosibirsk, pp 209–212 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. Elert AKh (ed) (2006) Severo-Zapadnaya Sibir’ v ekspedicionnych trudach G.F. Millera [North-Western Siberia expeditionary works by G.F. Miller]. NPMP Volot, Yekaterinburg, pp 345–388 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  7. Goryachev VM (2003) Ispolzovanie ostatkov drevesiny Nadymskogo Gorodka dlya postroenia dlitelnych chronologiy i reconstrukciy temperaturnych usloviy [Using wood waste of Nadymsky Gorodok to build long chronologies and the reconstruction of temperature conditions]. In: Matveeva NP (ed) Ekologiya drevnich I sovremennych obschestv [Ecology of ancient and modern societies], Vol 2, Tyumen, pp 30–33 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  8. Goworukhin WS (1937) Flora Urala (Flora of the Urals). Sverdlgiz, Sverdlovsk (in Russian)Google Scholar
  9. Gracheva GN (1986) Paleoetnograficheskie issledovania v Arctice [Paleoethnografic research in the Arctic]. KSIA 200:21–26 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  10. Herberstein S (1988) Zapiski o Moskovii [Notes on Muscovy]. MGU, Moscow (in Russian)Google Scholar
  11. Kardash OV (2009) Nadymsky Gorodok v konce XVI—pervoii treti XVIII vv. Istoriya i materialnaya kultura [Nadymsky Gorodok at the end of XVI—first third of the XVIII century. History and Material Culture]. Magellan, Nefteyugansk-Yekatrinburg (in Russian)Google Scholar
  12. Kardash OV (2013) Nadymsky Gorodok knyazey Bolchoy Karachey [Nadymsky Gorodok under Princes of Bolchaya Karacheya]. Magellan, Yekaterinburg-Salekhard (in Russian)Google Scholar
  13. Katz NJ, Katz SV, Kipiani MG (1965) Atlas i opredelitel′ plodov i semyan, vstrechayushchihsya v chetvertichnyh otlozheniyah SSSR [Atlas and the identification keys of the fruits and seeds occurring in the Quaternary deposits of the USSR]. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian)Google Scholar
  14. Kosintsev PA (2005) Ecologiya srednevekovogo naseleniya severa Zapadnoii Sibiri. Istoshniki [Ecology medieval population north of Western Siberia. Sources]. Ural University Press, Yekaterinburg-Salechard (in Russian)Google Scholar
  15. Medvedev PF (1957) Pishchevyye rasteniya SSSR [Edible plants of the USSR]. In: Il’in MM (ed) Rastitel’noye syr’ye SSSR [Vegetable materials of the USSR], Vol 2, Naturnye rasteniya [Wild plants]. Academy of Sciences USSR Press, Moscow-Leningrad, pp 5–151 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  16. Nikitin VP (1969) Paleokarpologicheskyi metod [Plant macrofossil analysis]. Tomsk University Press, Tomsk (in Russian)Google Scholar
  17. Richter GD (ed) (1963) Zapadnaya Sibir’ [Western Siberia]. Academy of Sciences USSR Press, Moscow, pp 202–204 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  18. Sekretareva NA (1999) The vascular plants of the Russian Arctic and adjacent territories. Pensoft Publishers, SofiaGoogle Scholar
  19. Treshnikov AF (1985) Atlas Arktiki [Atlas of the Arctic]. GUGK, Moscow (in Russian)Google Scholar
  20. Velichkevich FY, Zastawniak E (2009) Atlas of the Pleistocene vascular plant macrofossils of Central and Eastern Europe Part 2, W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, KrakowGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural BranchRussian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussian Federation

Personalised recommendations