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Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 207–216 | Cite as

Tree taxa immigration to the eastern Baltic region, southeastern sector of Scandinavian glaciation during the Late-glacial period (14,500–11,700 cal. b.p.)

  • Leeli AmonEmail author
  • Siim Veski
  • Jüri Vassiljev
Original Article

Abstract

The eastern Baltic region is situated in the southeastern part of the area which was covered by the last Scandinavian glaciation. Four well-dated sediment profiles from sites distributed along a ~330-km north–south transect were analysed for their macrofossil contents. The immigration of tree taxa during the Late-glacial (LG) period, which was the time of environmental change from tundra to woodland in previously glaciated areas, can be determined from these data. The pioneer vegetation in the study area was treeless dwarf shrub tundra with various dominant taxa. The so-called Allerød hemispheric warming permitted the Post-glacial immigration of trees into the southern part of the eastern Baltic region; however, these most probably disappeared during the following cold period, the Younger Dryas/GS-1. The local presence of Betula sect. Albae, Pinus sylvestris, Populus tremula and Picea abies during the LG period in the southern part of the region was confirmed. The northern part of the area presumably remained treeless for the entire LG period. Therefore, until the beginning of the Holocene, the tree line in the eastern Baltic region did not reach beyond 58°N.

Keywords

Late-glacial vegetation Macrofossil Immigration Tree line Eastern Baltic 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The first author is grateful to Hilary H. Birks (University of Bergen) for the introduction to plant macrofossil analysis and the fascinating realm of LG vegetation that thousands of years ago covered my home country. We acknowledge the anonymous referees for their comments and suggestions on the manuscript. The study was financially supported by ETF 8552 and IUT 1-8.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geology at Tallinn University of TechnologyTallinnEstonia

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