Relics of cultivation in Central Europe: Malva alcea L. as an example

Abstract

Results of research on relics of cultivation in Central Europe are presented, based on the example of Malva alcea L. (hollyhock mallow). Species from this group were cultivated in the past for various purposes, but are no longer utilized. Thanks to the detailed studies conducted in Mecklenburg (NW Germany) and in Wielkopolska (W Poland), M. alcea is one of the best-studied relics of cultivation. This paper presents the available information on its former uses, general and regional distribution, and habitat preferences.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

References

  1. Antoniewicz W, Wartołowska Z (eds) (1964) Carte des enceintes fortifiées en Pologne. IHKM PAN, Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków. Wyd. PAN

  2. Bauch R (1937) Vorzeitliche und frühzeitliche Kulturrelikte in der Pflanzenwelt Mecklenburgs. Beih Botan Centralbl B 57:77–138

    Google Scholar 

  3. Benkert D, Fukarek F, Korsch H (1996) Verbreitungsatlas der Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Ostdeutschlands (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Brandenburg, Berlin, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen). Fischer, Jena

  4. Bonn S, Poschlod P (1998) Ausbreitungsbiologie der Pflanzen Mitteleuropas. Grundlagen und kulturhistorische Aspekte. Quelle & Meyer, Wiesbaden

    Google Scholar 

  5. Celka Z (1999) The vascular plants of the earthworks of Wielkopolska (in Polish with English summary). Publications of the Department of Plant Taxonomy of the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań 9:1–159

  6. Celka Z (2004) Distribution atlas of vascular plants on the earthworks of Wielkopolska. Publications of the Department of Plant Taxonomy of the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań 13:1–447

  7. Dobrowolska M (1961) Przemiany środowiska geograficznego Polski do XV wieku. [Transformations of the geographic environment in Poland till the 15th century]. PWN Warszawa

  8. Furmanowa M, Michalska Z, Parczewski A, Zarębska J (1959) The herbal of Marcin of Urzędowo (in Polish with English and Russian summary). Studia i Materiały z Dziejów Nauki Polskiej B 2:233–313

    Google Scholar 

  9. Hegi G (1925) Malvaceae. Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa 5:453–498

    Google Scholar 

  10. Hollnagel A (1953) Kulturreliktpflanzen auf slawischen Inselsiedlungen im Kreis Neustrelitz. Bodenkmalpflege in Mecklenburg:151–164

  11. Holub J, Jirásek V (1967) Zur Vereinheitlichung der Terminologie in der Phytogeographie. Folia geobot phytotax 1:69–113

    Google Scholar 

  12. Homann GGI (1830) Flora von Pommern. Druck u. Verlag von S. G. Hendeß, Cöslin

  13. Hultén E, Fries M (1986) Atlas of north European vascular plants. North of the Tropic of Cancer. Koeltz, Königstein

  14. Jundziłł BS (1791) Opisanie roślin w prowincyi W. X. L. naturalnie rosnących według układu Linneusza [Description of plants growing naturally in province W.X.L. according to the Linnaean system]. W Drukarni J.K. Mci y Rzeplitey u XX. Piarów

  15. Kluk K (1805–1811) Dykcyonarz roślinny [Plant dictionary]. Drukarnia Xięży Piarów, Warszawa

  16. Labuda G (1981) Wytworzenie wspólnoty etnicznej i kulturalnej plemion Słowiańszczyzny połabskiej i jej przemiany w rozwoju dziejowym [Formation of the ethnic and cultural unity of Polabian Slavic tribes and its transformations in the historical development]. In: Strzelczyk J (ed) Słowiańszczyzna połabska między Niemcami a Polską [Polabian Slavdom between Germany and Poland]. Wyd. Nauk. UAM w Poznaniu, seria Historia 95:7–34

  17. Leciejewicz L (1989) Słowianie zachodni. Z dziejów tworzenia się średniowiecznej Europy [Western Slavs. History of the Creation of Medieval Europe]. Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich, Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk-Łódź

  18. Prange W (1996) Das Kleine Immergrün (Vinca minor L.) in Westdeutschland—eine Kulturreliktpflanze aus römischer Zeit. Schr Naturwiss Ver Schlesw-Holst 66:71–96

    Google Scholar 

  19. Rostafiński J (1900) Symbola ad historiam naturalem medii aevi. Universitatis Cracoviensis, Cracov

    Google Scholar 

  20. Russow B (2002) Pflanzen auf ur- und frühgeschichtlichen Siedlungsplätzen—Ein Diskussionsbeitrag zur Problematik der Kulturreliktpflanzen. Pulsatilla 5:37–49

    Google Scholar 

  21. Schuldt E (1989) Der eintausendjährige Tempelort Gross Raden. Museum für Ur- und Frühgeschichte Schwerin

  22. Spólnik A (1990) The names of the Polish plants till the XVIIIth C (In Polish with English summary). PAN, Prace Kom Językoznawstwa 58:1–136

    Google Scholar 

  23. Thellung A (1915) Pflanzenwanderungen unter dem Einfluss des Menschen. Englers Bot. Jahrb. 53(315) Beibl 116:37–66

  24. Wasylikowa K (2001) The beginnings of plant cultivation: where, when, how and why (In Polish with English summary). Wiadomości Botaniczne 45:7–31

    Google Scholar 

  25. Zając A, Zając M (eds) (2001) Distribution atlas of vascular plants in Poland. Edited by Laboratory of Computer Chorology. Institute of Botany, Jagiellonian University, Cracov

Download references

Acknowledgments

Scientific work financed from the resources earmarked for science in years 2005–2008 as the Research Project no. 2 P04G 050 29

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Zbigniew Celka.

Additional information

Communicated by K.-E. Behre

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Celka, Z., Drapikowska, M. Relics of cultivation in Central Europe: Malva alcea L. as an example. Veget Hist Archaeobot 17, 251–255 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00334-008-0151-0

Download citation

Keywords

  • Malva alcea
  • Eastern Central Europe
  • Relics of cultivation
  • Early Middle Ages
  • High Middle Ages
  • Fortified settlements