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Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 113–125 | Cite as

Vegetation history in the Eastern Romanian Carpathians: pollen analysis of two sequences from the Mohoş crater

  • Ioan Tantau
  • Maurice Reille
  • Jacques-Louis de Beaulieu
  • Sorina Farcas
  • Tomasz Goslar
  • Martine Paterne
Original

Abstract

Two sequences of about 10.5 m originating from a peat bog in Romania were analysed for pollen (202 and 127 pollen spectra). The vegetation history, supported by 24 14C dates is described since the Late Glacial. At the onset of the Holocene Ulmus first appears, together with Betula. Among the main components of the Quercetum mixtum (Quercus, Fraxinus, Tilia, Corylus) that became established almost simultaneously by around 9000 B.P., Quercus frequencies rarely exceed 10%. The local establishment of Carpinus is about 6000 b.p. Its maximum occurred between 4500 and 3000 b.p. Fagus pollen is regularly recorded since 8000 b.p. Its absolute dominance tooks place at about 3000 b.p. Picea pollen is present since the Late Glacial. The first indications of human activities appear at around 6500 b.p.

Keywords

Romania Vegetation history Late glacial Holocene 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Florin Farcas for the help during the fieldwork, G. Digerfeldt for the lithological description of the cores and Anne Vaillant for the sample preparation. We would like also to thank H.J. Beug and an anonymous reviewer for the critical and constructive comments on the first version of the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ioan Tantau
    • 1
    • 2
  • Maurice Reille
    • 1
  • Jacques-Louis de Beaulieu
    • 1
  • Sorina Farcas
    • 3
  • Tomasz Goslar
    • 4
  • Martine Paterne
    • 5
  1. 1.Faculté des SciencesLBHP IMEP (UMR CNRS 6116)MarseilleFrance
  2. 2.Department of GeologyUniversity Babes-BolyaiCluj-NapocaRomania
  3. 3.Institute of Biological ResearchesCluj-NapocaRomania
  4. 4.Poznan Radiocarbon LaboratoryPoznanPoland
  5. 5.Équipe RadiocarboneLaboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'environnementGif sur Yvette CedexFrance

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