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Triple-rule-out CT angiography using two axial scans with 16 cm wide-detector for radiation dose reduction

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Abstract

Objective

To explore the use of two consecutive axial scans in triple-rule-out (TRO) examination on a 16 cm wide-detector CT for radiation dose reduction.

Materials and methods

Sixty TRO patients were assigned to either study group (Group A, n = 30) or control group (Group B, n = 30). Group A used a two-phasic contrast injection: 25mgI/kg/s for 12 s in 1st and at 3.0 ml/s injection rate for 7 s in 2nd phase. The pulmonary artery, coronary artery and aorta were scanned in succession with two axial scans using smart-coverage technique. Group B used the conventional protocol of scanning pulmonary arteries first in helical, followed by coronary arteries in axial and aorta in helical mode with contrast injection of 25mgI/kg/s for 14 s. All images were reconstructed with 80% ASIR-V. The qualitative and quantitative image assessment and effective dose of the two groups were statistically compared.

Results

The demographic data and quantitative measurements and qualitative image scores between the two groups were statistically the same (p > 0.05). However, Group A reduced radiation dose by 52% (2.67 ± 0.98 mSv vs. 5.65 ± 1.37 mSv) (p < 0.001).

Conclusion

Using two consecutive axial scans in triple-rule-out on a 16 cm wide-detector CT reduces radiation dose while maintaining image quality compared with the conventional TRO protocol.

Key Points

• Triple-rule-out can be performed with two-axial scans on a wide-detector CT system.

• TRO with two-axial scans maintain image quality compared with conventional protocol.

• TRO with two-axial scans reduces 52% radiation dose over conventional protocol.

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Abbreviations

ACS:

Acute coronary syndrome

AD:

Aortic dissection

ASIR:

Adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction

CNR:

Contrast-to-noise ratio

CTA:

Computed tomography angiography

CTDI:

CT dose index

DFOV:

Display field of view

DLP:

Dose-length product

MIP:

Maximum intensity projection

mSv:

Millisievert

PTE:

Pulmonary thromboembolism

ROI:

Region-of-interest

SD:

Standard deviation

SSF:

Snapshot freeze

TRO:

Triple-rule-out

VR:

Volume rendering

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Funding

The authors state that this work has not received any funding.

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Correspondence to Taiping He.

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The scientific guarantor of this publication is Taiping He.

Conflict of interest

The authors of this manuscript declare no conflict of interest exits in the submission of this manuscript.

Statistics and biometry

No complex statistical methods were necessary for this paper.

Informed consent

Written informed consent was obtained from all subjects (patients) in this study.

Ethical approval

Institutional Review Board approval was obtained.

Methodology

• Prospective

• randomized controlled trial

• performed at one institution

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Chen, Y., Wang, Q., Li, J. et al. Triple-rule-out CT angiography using two axial scans with 16 cm wide-detector for radiation dose reduction. Eur Radiol 28, 4654–4661 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-018-5426-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-018-5426-y

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