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European Radiology

, Volume 28, Issue 7, pp 2713–2726 | Cite as

Endovascular interventional modalities for haemorrhage control in abnormal placental implantation deliveries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  • Yousef ShahinEmail author
  • Chun Lap Pang
Interventional

Abstract

Objectives

To examine the evidence regarding the effectiveness and safety of endovascular interventional modalities for haemorrhage control in abnormal placentation deliveries.

Methods

MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched from inception to July 2017. Blood loss volume was regarded as the primary endpoint. Other important results are described. Random and fixed effects models were used for the meta-analysis.

Results

Of 385 studies identified, 69 (1,811 patients, mean age 32.9 years, range 23–39 years) were included. Mean gestational age at delivery was 35.1 weeks (range 27–38 weeks). Of 1,395 patients who underwent endovascular intervention, 587 (42%) had placenta accreta, 254 (18%) placenta increta and 313 (22%) placenta percreta. Prophylactic balloon occlusion of the internal iliac arteries (PBOIIA) was performed in 470 patients (33.6%), of the abdominal aorta (PBOAA) in 460 patients (33%), of the uterine artery (PBOUA) in 181 patients (13%), and of the common iliac arteries (PBOCIA) in 21 patients (1.5%). Primary embolization of the UA was performed in 246 patients (18%), of the pelvic collateral arteries in 12 patients (0.9%), and of the anterior division of the IIA in 5 patients (0.3%). Follow-up ranged from 0.5 to 42 months. Endovascular intervention was associated with less blood loss than no endovascular intervention (p < 0.001) with the lowest blood loss volume in patients who underwent PBOAA (p < 0.001). PBOAA was associated with a lower rate of hysterectomy (p = 0.030). Endovascular intervention did not result in increases in operative time or hospital stay.

Conclusions

Endovascular intervention is effective in controlling haemorrhage in abnormal placentation deliveries. PBOAA was associated with a lower rate of hysterectomy and less blood loss than other modalities.

Key points

• Endovascular intervention in abnormal placentation deliveries is effective in reducing blood loss.

• Endovascular intervention did not result in longer operative time or hospital stay.

• Prophylactic balloon occlusion of the abdominal aorta is superior to other modalities.

Keywords

Endovascular procedures Balloon occlusion Uterine artery embolization Placenta accreta Haemorrhage 

Abbreviations

MAP

Morbidly adherent placenta

PBOIIA

Prophylactic balloon occlusion of the internal iliac artery

PBOCIA

Prophylactic balloon occlusion of the common iliac artery

PBOAA

Prophylactic balloon occlusion of the abdominal aorta

PBOUA

Prophylactic balloon occlusion of the uterine artery

UA

Uterine artery

IIA

Internal iliac artery

PRISMA

Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses

OR

Odds ratio

MD

Mean difference

SD

Standard deviation

PRBC

Packed red blood cells

Notes

Funding

The authors state that this work did not receive any funding.

Compliance with ethical standards

Guarantor

The scientific guarantor of this publication is Yousef Shahin.

Conflict of interest

The authors of this manuscript declare no relationships with any companies, whose products or services may be related to the subject matter of the article.

Statistics and biometry

One of the authors has significant statistical expertise.

Ethical approval

Institutional Review Board approval was not required because this study was a meta-analysis of published literature.

Informed consent

Written informed consent was not required for this study because it was a systematic review and meta-analysis of published literature.

Methodology

• Systematic review and meta-analysis

Supplementary material

330_2017_5222_MOESM1_ESM.docx (275 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 275 kb)

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Copyright information

© European Society of Radiology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academic Unit of RadiologyUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  2. 2.Department of Clinical RadiologySheffield Teaching HospitalsSheffieldUK
  3. 3.Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and DentistryPlymouthUK
  4. 4.Department of RadiologyDerriford HospitalPlymouthUK

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