Improved assessment of mediastinal and pulmonary pathologies in combined staging CT examinations using a fast-speed acquisition dual-source CT protocol
- 159 Downloads
To demonstrate the feasibility of fast Dual-Source CT (DSCT) and to evaluate the clinical utility in chest/abdomen/pelvis staging CT studies.
45 cancer patients with two follow-up combined chest/abdomen/pelvis staging CT examinations (maximally ±10 kV difference in tube potential) were included. The first scan had to be performed with our standard protocol (fixed pitch 0.6), the second one using a novel fast-speed DSCT protocol (fixed pitch 1.55). Effective doses (ED) were calculated, noise measurements performed. Scan times were compared, motion artefacts and the diagnostic confidence rated in consensus reading.
ED for the standard and fast-speed scans was 9.1 (7.0-11.1) mSv and 9.2 (7.4-12.8) mSv, respectively (P = 0.075). Image noise was comparable (abdomen; all P > 0.05) or reduced for fast-speed CTs (trachea, P = 0.001; ascending aorta, P < 0.001). Motion artefacts of the heart/the ascending aorta (all P < 0.001) and breathing artefacts (P < 0.031) were reduced in fast DSCT. The diagnostic confidence for the evaluation of mediastinal (P < 0.001) and pulmonary (P = 0.008) pathologies was improved for fast DSCT.
Fast DSCT for chest/abdomen/pelvis staging CT examinations is performed within 2 seconds scan time and eliminates relevant intrathoracic motion/breathing artefacts. Mediastinal/pulmonary pathologies can thus be assessed with high diagnostic confidence. Abdominal image quality remains excellent.
• Fast dual-source CT provides chest/abdomen/pelvis staging examinations within 2 seconds scan time.
• The sevenfold scan time reduction eliminates relevant intrathoracic motion/breathing artefacts.
• Mediastinal/pulmonary pathologies can now be assessed with high diagnostic confidence.
• The coverage of the peripheral soft tissues is comparable to single-source CT.
• Fast and large-volume oncologic DSCT can be performed with 9 mSv effective dose.
KeywordsDual-source computed tomography Oncology Thorax Abdomen Pelvis
Volumetric CT dose index
Dose length product
Dual-source CT system
Effective radiation dose
Field of view
Picture archiving and communication system
Region of interest
Compliance with ethical standards
The scientific guarantor of this publication is W. H. Sommer.
Conflict of interest
The authors of this manuscript declare no relationships with any companies, whose products or services may be related to the subject matter of the article.
The authors state that this work has not received any funding.
Statistics and biometry
No complex statistical methods were necessary for this paper.
Written informed consent was waived by the Institutional Review Board.
Institutional Review Board approval was obtained.
• diagnostic study
• performed at one institution
- 3.Hell MM, Bittner D, Schuhbaeck A et al (2014) Prospectively ECG-triggered high-pitch coronary angiography with third-generation dual-source CT at 70 kVp tube voltage: feasibility, image quality, radiation dose, and effect of iterative reconstruction. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr 8:418–425CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 4.Deseive S, Pugliese F, Meave A et al (2015) Image quality and radiation dose of a prospectively electrocardiography-triggered high-pitch data acquisition strategy for coronary CT angiography: the multicenter, randomized PROTECTION IV study. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr 9:278–285CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar