European Radiology

, Volume 27, Issue 5, pp 1822–1830 | Cite as

Coronal 2D MR cholangiography overestimates the length of the right hepatic duct in liver transplantation donors

  • Bohyun Kim
  • Kyoung Won KimEmail author
  • So Yeon Kim
  • So Hyun Park
  • Jeongjin Lee
  • Gi Won Song
  • Dong-Hwan Jung
  • Tae-Yong Ha
  • Sung Gyu Lee



To compare the length of the right hepatic duct (RHD) measured on rotatory coronal 2D MR cholangiography (MRC), rotatory axial 2D MRC, and reconstructed 3D MRC.

Materials and methods

Sixty-seven donors underwent coronal and axial 2D projection MRC and 3D MRC. RHD length was measured and categorized as ultrashort (≤1 mm), short (>1-14 mm), and long (>14 mm). The measured length, frequency of overestimation, and the degree of underestimation between two 2D MRC sets were compared to 3D MRC.


The length of the RHD from 3D MRC, coronal 2D MRC, and axial 2D MRC showed significant difference (p < 0.05). RHD was frequently overestimated on the coronal than on axial 2D MRC (61.2 % vs. 9 %; p < .0001). On coronal 2D MRC, four (6 %) with short RHD and one (1.5 %) with ultrashort RHD were over-categorized as long RHD. On axial 2D MRC, overestimation was mostly <1 mm (83.3 %), none exceeding 3 mm or over-categorized. The degree of underestimation between the two projection planes was comparable.


Coronal 2D MRC overestimates the RHD in liver donors. We suggest adding axial 2D MRC to conventional coronal 2D MRC in the preoperative workup protocol for living liver donors to avoid unexpected confrontation with multiple ductal openings when harvesting the graft.

Key Points

In living liver donors, RHD length influences the number of ductal openings.

Coronal 2D MRC overestimates the RHD length than does axial 2D MRC.

Adding axial 2D MRC to coronal 2D MRC may prevent overestimating RHD length.


Cholangiopancreatography Magnetic resonance Liver transplantation Living donors Bile ducts, Intrahepatic 



The scientific guarantor of this publication is Kyoung Won Kim. The authors of this manuscript declare no relationships with any companies, whose products or services may be related to the subject matter of the article. This study has received funding from the Basic Science Research Program of the National Research Foundation of Korea, funded by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology (grant 2010-0021107). One of the authors has significant statistical expertise. Institutional Review Board approval was obtained. Written informed consent was waived by the Institutional Review Board. Methodology: retrospective, cross sectional study, performed at one institution.


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Copyright information

© European Society of Radiology 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bohyun Kim
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kyoung Won Kim
    • 1
    Email author
  • So Yeon Kim
    • 1
  • So Hyun Park
    • 1
  • Jeongjin Lee
    • 3
  • Gi Won Song
    • 4
  • Dong-Hwan Jung
    • 4
  • Tae-Yong Ha
    • 4
  • Sung Gyu Lee
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Asan Medical CenterUniversity of Ulsan College of MedicineSeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Ajou University Medical CenterAjou University School of MedicineSuwonSouth Korea
  3. 3.School of Computer Science & EngineeringSoongsil UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  4. 4.Department of Surgery, Division of Hepatobiliary and Liver Transplantation Surgery, Asan Medical CenterUniversity of Ulsan College of MedicineSeoulSouth Korea

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