European Radiology

, Volume 26, Issue 9, pp 2892–2898 | Cite as

TrueFisp versus HASTE sequences in 3T cine MRI: Evaluation of image quality during phonation in patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency

  • Christiane Kulinna-CosentiniEmail author
  • Christian Czerny
  • Arnulf Baumann
  • Michael Weber
  • Klaus Sinko
Magnetic Resonance



To evaluate the image quality of two fast dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences: True fast imaging with steady state precession (TrueFisp) was compared with half-Fourier acquired single turbo-spin-echo (HASTE) sequence for the characterization of velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) in repaired cleft palate patients.


Twenty-two patients (10 female and 12 male; mean age, 17.7 ± 10.6 years; range, 9–31) with suspected VPI underwent 3-T MRI using TrueFisp and HASTE sequences. Imaging was performed in the sagittal plane at rest and during phonation of “ee” and “k” to assess the velum, tongue, posterior pharyngeal wall and a potential VP closure. The results were analysed independently by one radiologist and one orthodontist.


HASTE performed better than TrueFisp for all evaluated items, except the tongue evaluation by the orthodontist during phonation of “k” and “ee”. A statistically significant difference in favour of HASTE was observed in assessing the velum at rest and during phonation of “k” and “ee”, and also in assessing VP closure in both raters (p < 0.05). TrueFisp imaging was twice as fast as HASTE (0.36 vs. 0.75 s/image).


Dynamic HASTE images were of superior quality to those obtained with TrueFisp, although TrueFisp imaging was twice as fast.

Key Points

Dynamic MRI is an invaluable tool for diagnosing VPI.

Dynamic HASTE images were of superior quality to those obtained with TrueFisp.

TrueFisp imaging was twice as fast as HASTE imaging.


Velopharyngeal insufficiency Magnetic resonance imaging Cleft palate Phonation TrueFisp HASTE 



The scientific guarantor of this publication is Christiane Kulinna-Cosentini. The authors of this manuscript declare no relationships with any companies whose products or services may be related to the subject matter of the article. The authors state that this work has not received any funding. Dr. Michael Weber kindly provided statistical advice for this manuscript. Jacqueline C. Hodge kindly provided language advice for this manuscript. Institutional review board approval was obtained. This work was granted by the Medical-Scientific Fund of the Mayor of the federal capital Vienna.

Written informed consent was obtained from all subjects (patients) in this study. No study subjects or cohorts have been previously reported. Methodology: prospective, case-control study, performed at one institution.


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Copyright information

© European Society of Radiology 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christiane Kulinna-Cosentini
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christian Czerny
    • 1
  • Arnulf Baumann
    • 2
  • Michael Weber
    • 1
  • Klaus Sinko
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical Imaging and Image-guided TherapyMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Department of Cranio-, Maxillofacial and Oral SurgeryMedical University ViennaViennaAustria

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