Multi-detector spiral CT study of the relationships between pulmonary ground-glass nodules and blood vessels
- 946 Downloads
To investigate the relationships between pulmonary ground-glass nodules (GGN) and blood vessels and their diagnostic values in differentiating GGNs.
Multi-detector spiral CT imaging of 108 GGNs was retrospectively reviewed. The spatial relationships between GGNs and supplying blood vessels were categorized into four types: I, vessels passing by GGNs; II, intact vessels passing through GGNs; III, distorted, dilated or tortuous vessels seen within GGNs; IV, more complicated vasculature other than described above. Relationship types were correlated to pathologic and/or clinical findings of GGNs.
Of 108 GGNs, 10 were benign, 24 preinvasive nodules and 74 adenocarcinomas that were pathologically proven. Types I, II, III and IV vascular relationships were observed in 9, 58, 21 and 20 GGNs, respectively. Type II relationship was the dominating relationship for each GGN group, but significant differences were shown among them. Correlation analysis showed strong correlation between invasive adenocarcinoma and type III and IV relationships. Subgroup analysis indicated that type III was more commonly seen in IAC with comparison to type IV more likely seen in MIA.
Different GGNs have different relationships with vessels. Understanding and recognising characteristic GGN-vessel relationships may help identify which GGNs are more likely to be malignant.
• Multi-detector CT offers new information about ground-glass nodules
• In particular we can now study their relationship with vessels
• Different types of ground-glass nodules have different relationships with vessels
• This may help identify which ground-glass nodules are likely to be malignant
KeywordsVessel Ground-glass nodule Tomography Adenocarcinoma X-ray computed
Feng Gao and Ming Li contributed equally to this article.
This study was partly financially supported by the Science and Technology Commission Foundation of Shanghai (no. 10411952600, 124119a0400) and the Young Investigator Fund of Fudan University (grant no. EYF163006).
- 18.National Comprehensive Cancer Network (2011) NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology: Non-small cell lung cancer. V.2.2010. 2011Google Scholar
- 24.Fridman WH, Dieu-Nosjean MC, Pages F, et al. (2012) The immune microenvironment of human tumors: general significance and clinical impact. Cancer MicroenvironGoogle Scholar