Locally advanced rectal cancer: diffusion-weighted MR tumour volumetry and the apparent diffusion coefficient for evaluating complete remission after preoperative chemoradiation therapy
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To evaluate DW MR tumour volumetry and post-CRT ADC in rectal cancer as predicting factors of CR using high b values to eliminate perfusion effects.
One hundred rectal cancer patients who underwent 1.5-T rectal MR and DW imaging using three b factors (0, 150, and 1,000 s/mm2) were enrolled. The tumour volumes of T2-weighted MR and DW images and pre- and post-CRT ADC150–1000 were measured. The diagnostic accuracy of post-CRT ADC, T2-weighted MR, and DW tumour volumetry was compared using ROC analysis.
DW MR tumour volumetry was superior to T2-weighted MR volumetry comparing the CR and non-CR groups (P < 0.001). Post-CRT ADC showed a significant difference between the CR and non-CR groups (P = 0.001). The accuracy of DW tumour volumetry (Az = 0.910) was superior to that of T2-weighed MR tumour volumetry (Az = 0.792) and post-CRT ADC (Az = 0.705) in determining CR (P = 0.015). Using a cutoff value for the tumour volume reduction rate of more than 86.8 % on DW MR images, the sensitivity and specificity for predicting CR were 91.4 % and 80 %, respectively.
DW MR tumour volumetry after CRT showed significant superiority in predicting CR compared with T2-weighted MR images and post-CRT ADC.
• Diffusion-weighted MR (DWMR) imaging offers new information about rectal cancer.
• DWMR helps to predict complete remission after chemoradiotherapy in patients with advanced rectal cancer.
• DWMR provides more accurate diagnostic information than T2-weighted MRI.
• Apparent diffusion coefficients can predict CR, but they have certain clinical limitations.
KeywordsRectal cancer Staging MRI Diffusion Complete remission
Apparent diffusion coefficient
- AUC (Az)
Area under the ROC curve
preoperative chemoradiation therapy
Region of interest
This article was presented as a scientific paper at the RSNA 97th Scientific Assembly and Annual Meeting (2011 RSNA).
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