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Clinical and pulmonary thin-section CT findings in acute Klebsiella Pneumoniae pneumonia

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The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and pulmonary thin-section CT findings in patients with acute Klebsiella pneumoniae pneumonia. We retrospectively evaluated thin-section CT examinations performed between January 1991 and December 2007 from 962 patients with acute Klebsiella pneumoniae pneumonia. Seven hundred and sixty-four cases with concurrent infectious diseases were excluded. Thus, our study group comprised 198 patients (118 male, 80 female; age range 18–97 years, mean age 61.5). Underlying diseases and clinical findings were assessed. Parenchymal abnormalities were evaluated along with the presence of enlarged lymph nodes and pleural effusion. CT findings in patients with acute Klebsiella pneumoniae pneumonia consisted mainly of ground-glass attenuation (100%), consolidation (91.4%), and intralobular reticular opacity (85.9%), which were found in the periphery (96%) of both sides of the lungs (72.2%) and were often associated with pleural effusion (53%). The underlying conditions in patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae pneumonia were alcoholism or smoking habit.

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Correspondence to Fumito Okada.

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All authors have no direct or indirect financial interest in the products under investigation or subject matter discussed in this manuscript.

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Okada, F., Ando, Y., Honda, K. et al. Clinical and pulmonary thin-section CT findings in acute Klebsiella Pneumoniae pneumonia. Eur Radiol 19, 809–815 (2009).

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