Irreversible JPEG 2000 compression of abdominal CT for primary interpretation: assessment of visually lossless threshold
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To estimate the visually lossless threshold for Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) 2000 compression of contrast-enhanced abdominal computed tomography (CT) images, 100 images were compressed to four different levels: a reversible (as negative control) and irreversible 5:1, 10:1, and 15:1. By alternately displaying the original and the compressed image on the same monitor, six radiologists independently determined if the compressed image was distinguishable from the original image. For each reader, we compared the proportion of the compressed images being rated distinguishable from the original images between the reversible compression and each of the three irreversible compressions using the exact test for paired proportions. For each reader, the proportion was not significantly different between the reversible (0–1%, 0/100 to 1/100) and irreversible 5:1 compression (0–3%). However, the proportion significantly increased with the irreversible 10:1 (95–99%) and 15:1 compressions (100%) versus reversible compression in all readers (P < 0.001); 100 and 95% of the 5:1 compressed images were rated indistinguishable from the original images by at least five of the six readers and all readers, respectively. Irreversibly 5:1 compressed abdominal CT images are visually lossless and, therefore, potentially acceptable for primary interpretation.
KeywordsData compression Computed tomography Teleradiology Computer storage devices
This study was supported by Seoul R&BD Program, Republic of Korea (project number not assigned). We thank Jihyun Yang and Tae Ki Kim, R.T. for their assistance during image dataset preparation.
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