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European Radiology

, Volume 15, Issue 5, pp 864–871 | Cite as

Assessment of myocardial perfusion and viability from routine contrast-enhanced 16-detector-row computed tomography of the heart: preliminary results

  • Konstantin NikolaouEmail author
  • Javier Sanz
  • Michael Poon
  • Bernd J. Wintersperger
  • Bernd Ohnesorge
  • Teresa Rius
  • Zahi A. Fayad
  • Maximilian F. Reiser
  • Christoph R. Becker
Cardiac

Abstract

To assess the diagnostic accuracy of 16-detector-row computed tomography (16DCT) of the heart in the assessment of myocardial perfusion and viability in comparison to stress perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (SP-MRI) and delayed-enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI). A number of 30 patients underwent both 16DCT and MRI of the heart. Contrast-enhanced 16DCT data sets were reviewed for areas of myocardium with reduced attenuation. Both CT and MRI data were examined by independent reviewers for the presence of myocardial perfusion defects or myocardial infarctions (MI). Volumetric analysis of the hypoperfusion areas in CT and the infarct sizes in DE-MRI were performed. According to MRI, myocardial infarctions were detected in 11 of 30 cases, and perfusion defects not corresponding to an MI were detected in six of 30 patients. CTA was able to detect ten of 11 MI correctly (sensitivity 91%, specificity 79%, accuracy 83%), and detected three of six hypoperfusions correctly (sensitivity 50%, specificity 92%, accuracy 79%). Assessing the volume of perfusion defects correlating to history of MI on the CT images, a systematic underestimation of the true infarct size as compared to the results of DE-MRI was found (P<0.01). Routine, contrast-enhanced 16-detector row CT of the heart can detect chronic myocardial infarctions in the majority of cases, but ischemic perfusion defects are not reliably detected under resting conditions.

Keywords

Multidetector-row computed tomography Magnetic resonance imaging Myocardial perfusion Myocardial infarction Myocardial viability 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Konstantin Nikolaou
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Javier Sanz
    • 2
  • Michael Poon
    • 2
    • 4
  • Bernd J. Wintersperger
    • 1
  • Bernd Ohnesorge
    • 5
  • Teresa Rius
    • 2
  • Zahi A. Fayad
    • 3
  • Maximilian F. Reiser
    • 1
  • Christoph R. Becker
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical RadiologyLudwig-Maximilians-University of MunichMunichGermany
  2. 2.Zena and Michael A. Wiener Cardiovascular InstituteMount Sinai School of MedicineNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Departments of Radiology and Cardiology, Imaging Science LaboratoriesMount Sinai School of MedicineNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Department of CardiologyCabrini Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  5. 5.Siemens Medical SolutionsForchheimGermany

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