Polar Biology

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 713–725 | Cite as

Collembola of Barrientos Island, Antarctica: first census and assessment of environmental factors determining springtail distribution

  • Natalia Enríquez
  • Pablo Tejedo
  • Javier Benayas
  • Belén Albertos
  • María José Luciáñez
Original Paper
  • 91 Downloads

Abstract

Barrientos Island is a small islet in the South Shetland archipelago frequently visited by Antarctic tourists. Collembola were recently used in another study developed in this site to assess the environmental conditions of two paths used by visitors, showing the importance of this soil faunal community. This motivated the realization of the first comprehensive census of Collembola from Barrientos Island. Fifty-six samples were recorded over three seasons, 2011–2013, from eight different substrate types. During the last campaign, 39 soil samples were also taken to analyze different physical, chemical, biological, microbiological, and biochemical variables in order to put into relation all these environmental conditions with abundance and richness of Collembola species. A total of ten species were recorded, all of them previously cited from Antarctica. The native species Cryptopygus antarcticus antarcticus Willem (Collembola: Isotomidae) is the most abundant in the island. Two cosmopolitan species—Hypogastrura viatica (Tullberg) (Hypogastruridae) and Mesaphorura macrochaeta Rusek (Tullbergiidae)—were also identified. Many of the species on this island can be considered as eurytopic, appearing in most of the analyzed substrate types. Collembola distribution was found to be influenced by elevation and, to a lesser extent, by phosphorous content and slope. Other variables that are usually cited in the specialized literature did not significantly influence the Collembola distribution in this island. Our results show that the distribution and abundance of Collembola in Antarctic locations is not directly dependent on a single factor. The environmental characteristics of each studied site will determine what factors are driving the composition and structure of this soil community.

Keywords

Aitcho Islands Non-indigenous species Hypogastruridae Basic collembolan species set Inter-annual resampling 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Logistical support for this work was provided by the Ecuadorian and the Spanish National Antarctic Programs, and the Spanish Navy. Fieldwork and analysis for this paper were developed under three projects: EVA-ANTARCTICA (CTM2009-06604-E) and ALIENANT (CTM2013-47381-P), which were supported by the Spanish Government, and Proposal for Tourism Management of Barrientos Island and Surroundings (2011–2013), funded by the Ecuadorian Government. The authors would like to thank José Olmedo Morán, Executive Director of the Ecuadorian National Antarctic Program, for his advice and support for this work; Daniela Cajiao for her help in the fieldwork during the 2012 and 2013 campaigns; Dr. Luis R. Pertierra for his collaboration in the 2012 campaign; Laura Muñoz for her help in the identification of mosses; Dr. Manuela Andrés-Abellán and Consuelo Wic for the analysis of soil samples in the laboratories of the Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha; and Dr.Tina Tin for her constructive and helpful comments during the editing process. We also would like to thank the anonymous reviewers and the Editor for their helpful comments, which have improved this work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

300_2017_2230_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (187 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 187 kb)
300_2017_2230_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (187 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 187 kb)
300_2017_2230_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (372 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (PDF 371 kb)
300_2017_2230_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (187 kb)
Supplementary material 4 (PDF 187 kb)
300_2017_2230_MOESM5_ESM.pdf (187 kb)
Supplementary material 5 (PDF 187 kb)

References

  1. Adams B, Bardgett RD, Ayres E, Wall DH, Aislabie J, Bamforth S, Bargagli R, Cary C, Cavacini P, Connell L, Convey P, Fell J, Frati F, Hogg I, Newsham N, O’Donnell A, Russell N, Seppelt R, Stevens MI (2006) Diversity and distribution of Victoria Land biota. Soil Biol Biochem 38:3003–3018.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.04.030 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Antarctic Treaty Secretariat (2015) Site Guidelines for Visitors. Barrientos Island. http://www.ats.aq/e/ats_other_siteguidelines.htm. Accessed 10 Feb 2015
  3. Baena CW, Andrés-Abellán M, Lucas-Borja ME, Martínez-García E, García-Morote FA, Rubio E, López-Serrano FR (2013) Thinning and recovery effects on soil properties in two sites of a Mediterranean forest, in Cuenca Mountain (South-eastern of Spain). For Ecol Manage 308:223–230.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2013.06.065 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bastida F, Kandeler E, Moreno JL, Ros M, García C, Hernández T (2008) Application of fresh and composted organic wastes modifies structure, size and activity of soil microbial community under semiarid climate. Appl Soil Ecol 40:318–329.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2008.05.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bokhorst S, Ronfort C, Huiskes A, Convey P, Aerts R (2007) Food choice of Antarctic soil arthropods clarified by stable isotope signatures. Polar Biol 30:983–990.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-007-0256-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bremner JM (1965) Nitrogen availability indexes. In: Black CA et al (eds) Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2 Agronomy 9. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, pp 1324–1345Google Scholar
  7. Broady PA (1979) Feeding studies on the Collembolan Cryptopygus antarcticus Willem at Signy Island, South Orkney Islands. Br Antarct Surv Bull 48:37–46Google Scholar
  8. Carpenter GH (1909) On some subantarctic Collembola. Article XVII. In: Chilton C (ed) The subantarctic islands of New Zealand. Philosophical Institute of Canterbury, Christchurch, pp 377–383Google Scholar
  9. Carpenter GH, Evans W (1906) Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. “Scotia” collections. Collembola from the South Orkney Islands. P Roy Soc Edinb 26:473–483.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0370164600024718 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chown SL, Convey P (2007) Spatial and temporal variability across life’s hierarchies in the terrestrial Antarctic. Phil Trans Roy Soc ser B 362:2307–2331.  https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2006.1949 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Convey P (2008) Non-native species in Antarctic terrestrial and freshwater environments: presence, sources, impacts and predictions. In: Rogan-Finnemore M (ed) Non-native species in the Antarctic, proceedings. Gateway Antarctica, Christchurch, pp 97–130Google Scholar
  12. Convey P, Greenslade P, Arnold RJ, Block W (1999) Collembola of sub-Antarctic South Georgia. Polar Biol 22:1–6.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s003000050383 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Convey P, Greenslade P, Pugh PJA (2000) The terrestrial micro-arthropod fauna of the South Sandwich Islands. J Nat Hist 34:597–609.  https://doi.org/10.1080/002229300299462 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Davidson MM, Broady PA (1996) Analysis of gut contents of Gomphiocephalus hodgsoni carpenter (Collembola: Hypogastruridae) at Cape Geology, Antarctica. Polar Biol 16:463–467.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02329064 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Day TA, Ruhland CT, Strauss SL, Park JH, Krieg ML, Krna MA, Bryant DM (2009) Response of plants and the dominant microarthropod, Cryptopygus antarcticus, to warming and contrasting precipitation regimes in Antarctic tundra. Glob Chang Biol 15:1640–1651.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.01919.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Deharveng L (1981) Collemboles des Iles Subantarctiques de l´Océan Indien mission J. Travé 1972-1973. Comité National Français des Recherches Antartiques 48:33–108Google Scholar
  17. Dibbern JS (2010) Fur seals, whales and tourists: a commercial history of Deception Island, Antarctica. Polar Rec 46:210–221.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0032247409008651 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Frenot Y, Chown SL, Whinam J, Selkirk PM, Convey P, Skotnicki M, Bergstrom DM (2005) Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications. Biol Rev 80:45–72.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S1464793104006542 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. García C, Gil F, Hernández T, Trasar C (2003) Técnicas de análisis de parámetros bioquímicos en suelos: Medida de actividades enzimáticas y biomasa microbiana. CEBAS-CSIC, MurciaGoogle Scholar
  20. Greenslade P (1987) Invertebrate conservation in the Antarctic and subantarctic. In: Major JD (ed) The Role of Invertebrates in Conservation and Biological Survey. Western Australian Department of Conservation and Land Management Report, Kensington, pp 119–121Google Scholar
  21. Greenslade P (1995) Collembola from the Scotia Arc and Antarctic Peninsula including descriptions of two new species and notes on biogeography. Pol Pismo Entomol 64:305–319Google Scholar
  22. Greenslade P (2006) The Invertebrates of Macquarie Island. Australian Antarctic Division, Department of Environment and Heritage, KingstonGoogle Scholar
  23. Greenslade P (2010) Collembola fauna of the South Shetland Islands revisited. Antarct Sci 22:233–242.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S095410200999071X CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Greenslade P, Convey P (2012) Exotic Collembola on subantarctic islands: pathways, origins and biology. Biol Invasions 14:405–417.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-011-0086-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Greenslade P, van Klinken RD (1994) Marine littoral and coastal Collembola on the subantarctic Macquarie Island. Acta Zool Fenn 195:58–61Google Scholar
  26. Greenslade P, Wise KAJ (1984) Additions to the collembolan fauna of the Antarctic. Trans R Soc South Aust 108:203–205Google Scholar
  27. Greenslade P, Potapov M, Russell D, Convey P (2012) Global Collembola on Deception Island. J Insect Sci 12:1–16.  https://doi.org/10.1673/031.012.11101 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Greenslade P, Ireson J, Skarżyński D (2014) Biology and key to the Australian species of Hypogastrura and Ceratophysella (Collembola: Hypogastruridae). Austral Entomol 53:53–74.  https://doi.org/10.1111/aen.12048 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Gressitt JL (1967) Notes on arthropod populations in the Antarctic Peninsula -South Shetland Islands- South Orkney Islands area. Antarct Res Ser 10:373–391.  https://doi.org/10.1029/AR010p0373 Google Scholar
  30. Hack WH (1949) Nota sobre un Colémbolo de la Antártida Argentina Achorutes viaticus Tullberg. Notas del Museo de la Plata 14:211–212Google Scholar
  31. Hedo J, Lucas-Borja ME, Wic C, Andrés-Abellán M, De Las Heras J (2015) Soil microbiological properties and enzymatic activities of long-term post-fire recovery in dry and semiarid Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis M.) forest stands. Solid Earth 6:243–252.  https://doi.org/10.5194/se-6-243-2015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Hertzberg K, Leinaas HP, Ims RA (1994) Patterns of abundance and demography: Collembola in a habitat patch gradient. Ecography 17:349–359.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.1994.tb00112.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Hogg ID, Cary SC, Convey P, Newsham K, O’Donnell T, Adams BJ, Aislabie J, Frati FF, Stevens MI, Wall DH (2006) Biotic interactions in Antarctic terrestrial ecosystems: are they a factor? Soil Biol Biochem 38:3035–3040.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.04.026 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Hopkin SP (1997) Biology of the Springtails (Insecta: Collembola). Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  35. Hughes KA, Pertierra LR, Molina-Montenegro MA, Convey P (2015) Biological invasions in terrestrial Antarctica: what is the current status and can we respond? Biodivers Conserv 24:1031–1055.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-015-0896-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ims RA, Leinaas HP, Coulson S (2004) Spatial and temporal variation in patch occupancy and population density in a model system of an arctic Collembola species assemblage. Oikos 105:89–100.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0030-1299.2004.12634.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators (2015) Tourism statistics. http://iaato.org/tourism-statistics. Accessed 5 Aug 2016
  38. Jordana R, Arbea JI (1989) Clave de identificación de los géneros de Colémbolos de España (lnsecta: Collembola). Publicaciones de biología de la Universidad de Navarra. Serie Zoológica 19:1–32Google Scholar
  39. Jordana R, Arbea JI, Simón C, Luciáñez MJ (1997) Collembola, Poduromorpha. In: Ramos MA et al (eds) Fauna Ibérica. Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, MadridGoogle Scholar
  40. Kandeler E, Stemmer M, Klimanek E (1999) Response of soil microbial biomass, urease and xylanase within particle size fractions to long-term soil management. Soil Biol Biochem 31:261–273.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0038-0717(98)00115-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Krivolutsky DA, Lebedeva NV, Gavrilo MV (2004) Soil microarthropods in the feathers of Antarctic birds. Dokl Biol Sci 397:342–345.  https://doi.org/10.1023/B:DOBS.0000039712.34478.f6 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Lebedeva NV, Krivolutsky DA (2003) Birds spread soil microarthropods to Arctic islands. Dokl Biol Sci 391:329–332.  https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025150500875 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Lubbock J (1876) On a new genus and species of Collembola from Kerguelen Island. Ann Mag Nat Hist 18:324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Lucas-Borja ME, Bastida F, Nicolás C, Moreno JL, Del Cerro A, Andrés M (2010) Influence of forest cover and herbaceous vegetation on the microbiological and biochemical properties of soil under Mediterranean humid climate. Eur J Soil Biol 46:273–279.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejsobi.2010.05.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Olsen SR, Cole CV, Watanabe FS, Dean LA (1954) Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  46. Panagis K (1985) The influence of elephant seals on the terrestrial ecosystem at Marion Island. In: Siegfried WR, Condy PR, Laws RM (eds) Antarctic nutrient cycles and food web. Springer, Berlin, pp 173–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Pollierer MM, Scheu S (2017) Driving factors and temporal fluctuation of Collembola communities and reproductive mode across forest types and regions. Ecol Evol 7:4390–4403.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3035 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  48. Potapov M (1991) Antarctophorus—a new genus of Isotomidae (Collembola) from Antarctica. Rev Ecol Biol Sol 28:491–495Google Scholar
  49. Potapov M (2001) Synopses on Palaearctic Collembola: Isotomidae. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz, GörlitzGoogle Scholar
  50. R Core Team (2017) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. http://www.R-project.org/. Accessed 2017
  51. Russell DJ, Hohberg K, Potapov M, Bruckner A, Otte V, Christian A (2014) Native terrestrial invertebrate fauna from the northern Antarctic Peninsula: new records, state of current knowledge and ecological preferences—Summary of a German federal study. Soil Organ 86:1–58Google Scholar
  52. Salmon JT (1949) The Collembola of the United States Antarctic Service Expedition, 1939–41. Proc Roy Entomol Soc Lond ser B 18:161–162.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3113.1949.tb01440.x Google Scholar
  53. Salmon JT (1962) A new species and redescriptions of Collembola from Antarctica. Pac Insects 4:887–894Google Scholar
  54. Salmon JT (1974a) Notes and drawings from type material of Collembola. Zool Publ Vic University Wellingt 66:1–41Google Scholar
  55. Salmon JT (1974b) Concerning the Collembola Tullbergiinae. Zool Publ Vic University Wellingt 67:1–19Google Scholar
  56. Sinclair BJ, Scott MB, Klok CJ, Terblanche JS, Marshall DJ, Reyers B, Chown SL (2006) Determinants of terrestrial arthropod community composition at Cape Hallett, Antarctica. Antarct Sci 18:303–312.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954102006000356 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Tabatabai MA (1982) Soil enzymes. In: Page AL, Miller EM, Keeney DR (eds) Methods of soil analysis, Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties. Soil Science Society of America, Inc., Madison, pp 903–947Google Scholar
  58. Tejedo P, Benayas J, Cajiao D, Albertos B, Lara F, Pertierra LR, Andrés-Abellán M, Wic C, Luciañez MJ, Enríquez N, Justel A, Reck GK (2016) Assessing environmental conditions of Antarctic footpaths to support management decisions. J Environ Manag 177:320–330.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.04.032 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Tilbrook PJ (1967a) Arthropod ecology in the maritime Antarctic. Antarct Res Ser 10:331–356.  https://doi.org/10.1029/AR010p0331 Google Scholar
  60. Tilbrook PJ (1967b) The terrestrial invertebrate fauna of the maritime Antarctic. Phil Trans Roy Soc Lond ser B 252:261–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Vance ED, Brookes PC, Jenkinson DS (1987) An extraction method for measuring soil microbial biomass C. Soil Biol Biochem 19:703–707.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(87)90052-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Wahlgren E (1906) Antarktische und Subantarktische Collembolen gesammelt von der schwedischen Sudpolarexpedition. Wiss Ergeb Schwed Sudpolar Exped 9:1–22Google Scholar
  63. Weiner WM (1980) Friesea woyciechowskii sp. n. (Collembola, Neanuridae) from King George Island (South Shetland Islands, Antarctica). Pol Pismo Entomol 50:491–495Google Scholar
  64. Willem V (1901) Les Collemboles recueillis par l´Expédition antarctique belge. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 45:260–262Google Scholar
  65. Wise KAJ (1964) New records of Collembola and Acarina in Antarctica. Pac Insects 6:522–523Google Scholar
  66. Wise KAJ (1967) Collembola (Springtails). Antarct Res Ser 10:123–147.  https://doi.org/10.1029/AR010p0123 Google Scholar
  67. Wise KAJ (1970a) Collembola of South Georgia. Pac Insects Monogr 23:183–208Google Scholar
  68. Wise KAJ (1970b) Collembola of Heard Island. Pac Insects Monogr 23:209–215Google Scholar
  69. Wise KAJ (1971) The Collembola of Antarctica. Pac Insects Monogr 25:57–74Google Scholar
  70. Witteveen J, Verhoef HA, Letschert JPW (1987) Osmotic and ionic regulation in marine littoral Collembola. J Insect Physiol 33:59–66.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1910(87)90105-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Yeomans J, Bremner JM (1988) A rapid and precise method for routine determination of organic carbon in soil. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 19:1467–1476.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00103628809368027 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Yergeau E, Bokhorst S, Huiskes AH, Boschker HT, Aerts R, Kowalchuk GA (2007) Size and structure of bacterial, fungal and nematode communities along an Antarctic environmental gradient. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 59:436–451.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6941.2006.00200.x CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalia Enríquez
    • 1
  • Pablo Tejedo
    • 2
  • Javier Benayas
    • 2
  • Belén Albertos
    • 3
  • María José Luciáñez
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de BiologíaUniversidad Autónoma de MadridMadridSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de EcologíaUniversidad Autónoma de MadridMadridSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de Botánica y GeologíaUniversidad de ValenciaBurjassotSpain

Personalised recommendations