Composition of Harpacticoida (Crustacea, Copepoda) of the Laptev Sea in comparison with faunas of adjacent Arctic seas

Abstract

The invertebrate fauna of the Laptev Sea is one of the least investigated in the Arctic. In particular, little is known about the Harpacticoida (Copepoda, Crustacea)—one of the main components of marine meiofauna. Major objectives of our study were (1) to describe harpacticoid composition obtained from three sublittoral stations, (2) to compile the check-list of the Laptev Sea harpacticoids, and (3) to perform a comparative analysis of the Laptev Sea harpacticoid fauna with faunas of other Arctic seas. Of 38 species found in our material, 25 are new for the sea, and four species are likely new to science. A total list for the Laptev Sea includes 76 species from 18 families. Interstitial and phytal forms are poorly represented, due to the rarity of suitable biotopes and/or undersampling. The majority of the provisional endemics were found in the bathyal and abyssal zones of the sea, while widely distributed species, except for the plankton, belong to the fauna of the soft sediments of the littoral zone. Comparative analysis of harpacticoids from the Arctic region (the Laptev, White, Barents, Kara, East Siberian and Beaufort Seas and the Greenland area) shows the considerable distinction between the Eastern (Siberian) and Western sub-regions. Further investigations are necessary to reveal a more detailed pattern in Harpacticoida distribution and to evaluate possible vectors of dispersal and biogeographic relationships in the high Arctic.

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Acknowledgements

The Transdrift-XXII expedition in the Laptev Sea and the sampling and analysis of the main factors on stations were supported by the BMBF-Project Laptev Sea System (03G0833). The study of the taxonomy of the Harpacticoida was supported by the program “Scientific bases for the creation of a national depository bank of living systems” of the RSF (No 14-50-00029). The study of the ecology and biogeography of the Harpacticoida and statistical analysis were supported by the RFBR Grant (17-04-00337-a). The study of harpacticoids species in the area around the Lena River Delta were supported by the RFBR Grant (17-04-0027-a). Drafting of the Arctic crustaceans database was supported by the RFBR Grant (15-04-02245-a). The authors are very grateful to three unknown reviewers for their complete and helpful reviews.

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Chertoprud, E., Abramova, E., Korsun, S. et al. Composition of Harpacticoida (Crustacea, Copepoda) of the Laptev Sea in comparison with faunas of adjacent Arctic seas. Polar Biol 41, 697–712 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-017-2229-6

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Keywords

  • Laptev Sea
  • Harpacticoida
  • Species richness
  • Life forms
  • Ranges
  • Biogeography