Polar Biology

, Volume 40, Issue 11, pp 2137–2142 | Cite as

Range expansion of two invasive springtails on sub-Antarctic Macquarie Island

  • Laura Phillips
  • Charlene Janion-ScheepersEmail author
  • Melissa Houghton
  • Aleks Terauds
  • Mikhail Potapov
  • Steven L. Chown
Short Note


Collembola are an important group of indigenous terrestrial invertebrates in the sub-Antarctic region and, compared to the most continental regions, their limited diversity is well known. Several invasive species, introduced by humans, have also established in the region, with some of these widespread while others are more restricted to disturbed areas. In this study, we report the spread of two non-indigenous Collembola species on Macquarie Island. Protaphorura fimata (Gisin, 1952) (Collembola:Poduromorpha:Onychiuridae) and Proisotoma minuta (Tullberg, 1871) (Entomobryomorpha:Isotomidae) are both cosmopolitan species that have been present on the island for several decades, but restricted to the area around the research station. Here, we report their spread up to 3 and 11 km, respectively, from the research station. We discuss the implications of this finding for biosecurity across the Antarctic region. We also document the presence of a new non-indigenous species, Parisotoma notabilis (Schäffer, 1896) (Entomobryomorpha:Isotomidae).


Collembola Dispersal DNA barcode Soil fauna Taxonomy 



This work was supported by Australian Antarctic Science Projects 4307 and 4024. We thank Louis Deharveng and Wanda M. Weiner for initial taxonomic advice and Ian Aitkenhead for assisting with the collection of samples, the International Barcoding of Life (iBOL) Project, the Tasmanian Parks and Wildlife Services for permits, and two anonymous reviewers for their comments. We are grateful to Amy W.P. Liu for her assistance with the barcoding analyses.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biological SciencesMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.Australian Antarctic DivisionKingstonAustralia
  3. 3.Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Science, School of Biological SciencesThe University of QueenslandSt LuciaAustralia
  4. 4.Moscow State Pedagogical UniversityMoscowRussia

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