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Polar Biology

, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 189–205 | Cite as

A comparison of epiphytic diatom communities on Plocamium cartilagineum (Plocamiales, Florideophyceae) from two Antarctic areas

  • Roksana MajewskaEmail author
  • Piotr Kuklinski
  • Piotr Balazy
  • Nair Sumie Yokoya
  • Aline Paternostro Martins
  • Mario De Stefano
Original Paper

Abstract

Our understanding of diatoms, one of the most important Antarctic primary producers, is based mostly on investigations of plankton, sea-ice, and sediment samples. Herein, we contribute to the limited research devoted to benthic Antarctic diatoms by presenting a study on epiphytic diatom communities sampled in two remote Antarctic regions: Admiralty Bay (maritime Antarctica, Antarctic Peninsula) and Terra Nova Bay (Ross Sea). Recent studies have demonstrated that the most critical factor for the local epiphytic diatom communities was the nature of the substrate. In order to eliminate this factor so we could evaluate other potential controls, we sampled epiphytic diatoms from only one substrate that is common to both regions: the macroalgae Plocamium cartilagineum (L.) Dixon. Thalli of P. cartilagineum and their associated microalgal community was collected in January 2011 (Admiralty Bay) and 2012 (Terra Nova Bay) from a water depth of 5–25 m. Dehydrated macroalgal pieces were placed on stubs and sputter-coated, which allowed observation of diatoms attached to the substrate in their original position using scanning electron microscopy. A total of 72 taxa were observed, of which 31 taxa were common to both regions. Cell abundance and diatom growth form dominance were significantly different in Admiralty Bay and Terra Nova Bay samples. Total diatom abundance was higher in Admiralty Bay samples, dominated by adnate diatoms (Cocconeis spp.), but the number of taxa found as well as the values of ecological indices were higher for samples from the Ross Sea, where motile forms were dominant (Navicula spp.). Our results suggest that Antarctic shallow-water benthic habitats may present a high degree of microniche heterogeneity and highlight the need of fine-scale analyses in microbial studies. We also suggest grazers as a factor that contributes greatly to the observed differences.

Keywords

Antarctic diatoms Epiphytes Grazing Growth form Plocamium cartilagineum SEM 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Many people helped us plan and implement this study. We are grateful to everyone, especially to Andrzej Tatur and Jarosław Roszczyk for their invaluable help in making the expedition to “H. Arctowski” Station possible and to all members of the XXXV Polish Antarctic Expedition for the hospitality and friendliness while visiting the station. We thank Tadeusz Stryjek who contributed to the collection of macroalgae from Admiralty Bay, Enrico Olivari who helped collected data from Terra Nova Bay, and Paolo Povero for making the data on physical parameters in Terra Nova Bay available. We also thank Brett Grant for his generous assistance with the linguistic revision of the manuscript. Detailed comments and valuable suggestions by the editor, anonymous reviewers and David M. Harwood on the previous version of this work are gratefully acknowledged. This study was financially supported by the Second University of Naples (SUN), Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), and the Italian National Program of Research in Antarctica (it. PNRA) coordinated by the Italian National Research Council (it. CNR).

Supplementary material

300_2014_1578_MOESM1_ESM.doc (60 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 59 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roksana Majewska
    • 1
    Email author
  • Piotr Kuklinski
    • 2
  • Piotr Balazy
    • 2
  • Nair Sumie Yokoya
    • 3
  • Aline Paternostro Martins
    • 4
  • Mario De Stefano
    • 1
  1. 1.Second University of NaplesCasertaItaly
  2. 2.Institute of OceanologyPolish Academy of SciencesSopotPoland
  3. 3.Institute of BotanyCentre for Research in PhycologySão PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Institute of ChemistryUniversity of Sao PaoloSão PauloBrazil

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