Polar Biology

, Volume 32, Issue 10, pp 1415–1425 | Cite as

Drepanocladus longifolius (Amblystegiaceae), an addition to the moss flora of King George Island, South Shetland Islands, with a review of Antarctic benthic mosses

  • Su-Ping Li
  • Ryszard Ochyra
  • Peng-Cheng Wu
  • Rodney D. Seppelt
  • Ming-Hong Cai
  • Hai-Ying Wang
  • Cheng-Sen LiEmail author
Original Paper


Drepanocladus longifolius (Mitt.) Paris is recorded for the first time from King George Island, South Shetland Islands, in the maritime Antarctic. It was collected in West Lake during the 23rd Chinese National Antarctic Research Expedition in 2006–2007. The moss was found at a depth of 5–6 m attached to the bed of the lake. The stems of the moss are about 1–1.5 m in length. The moss exhibits seasonal growth patterns, with shorter branch internodes, more widely spaced leaves and more branches in summer than in winter. Most of the branches are initiated in summer. The annual shoot extension is about 3–6 cm, which implies that the plants must be at least 15 years of age. The distribution of aquatic moss species and records in Antarctica is outlined and discussed and the nomenclature of previous reports clarified.


Bryophyta Amblystegiaceae Drepanocladus longifolius Benthic mosses Antarctica 



We wish to express our sincere gratitude to Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration, the State Oceanic Administration of China. Also, many thanks to the members of the 23rd Chinese National Antarctic Research Expedition teams for their help during the field work. This research was supported by the Strategic Research Foundation on Polar Sciences of China (No. 20080220).


  1. Adamson DA, Pickard J (1983) Late Quaternary ice movement across the Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica. In: Oliver RL, James PR, Jago JB (eds) Antarctic earth science. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 465–469Google Scholar
  2. Bates JW (1992) Mineral nutrient acquisition and retention by bryophytes. J Bryol 17:223–240Google Scholar
  3. Bednarek-Ochyra H, Lewis Smith RI, Ochyra R (1999) The genus Plagiothecium (Plagiotheciaceae, Bryopsida) in Antarctica. Bryobrothera 5:55–64Google Scholar
  4. Bednarek-Ochyra H, Váňa J, Ochyra R et al (2000) The liverwort Flora of Antarctica. Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, CracowGoogle Scholar
  5. Bian LG, Lu LH, Lu CG et al (1992) A study of radiative features at the Great Wall and Zhongshan Station of Antarctica. Q J Appl Metab 9:160–168 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  6. Burgess JS, Spate AP, Shevlin J (1994) The onset of deglaciation in the Larsemann Hills, Eastern Antarctica. Antarct Sci 6:491–495. doi: 10.1017/S095410209400074X CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen FD, Li XD, Liu JX (1994) Handbook of Fildes Peninsula Antarctica mosses. Ocean Press, Beijing (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  8. Dunn JL, Robinson SA (2006) UV-B screening potential is higher in two cosmopolitan moss species than in a co-occurring Antarctic endemic moss—implications of continuing ozone depletion. Gl Change B 12:2282–2296. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006.01283.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Eights J (1833) Description of a new crustaceous animal found on the shores of the South Shetland, with remarks on their natural history. Trans Alb Ins 2:53–69 pls 1–2Google Scholar
  10. Hedenäs L (1997) The Drepanocladus s str. species with excurrent costae (Amblystegiaceae). Nova Hedwig 64:535–547Google Scholar
  11. Hedenäs L (2003) Amblystegiaceae (Musci). Flora Neotropica. Monograph 89. The New York Botanical Garden, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Imura S, Higuchi M, Kanda H et al (1992) Culture of rhizoidal tubers on an aquatic moss in the lakes near the Syowa Station area, Antarctica. Proc NIPR Symp Polar Biol 5:114–117Google Scholar
  13. Imura S, Bando T, Saito S et al (1999) Benthic moss pillars in Antarctic lakes. Polar Biol 22:137–140. doi: 10.1007/s003000050401 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Imura S, Bando T, Seto K et al (2003) Distribution of aquatic mosses in the Sôya Coast region, East Antarctica. Polar Biosci 16:1–10Google Scholar
  15. Ingólfsson Ó, Hjort C, Björck S et al (1992) Lake Pleistocene and Holocene history of James Ross Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Boreas 21:209–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kanda H, Iwatsuki Z (1989) Two aquatic mosses in the lakes near Syowa Station, Continental Antarctica. Hikobia 10:293–297Google Scholar
  17. Kanda H, Mochida Y (1992) Aquatic mosses found in lakes of the Skarvsnes region, Syowa Station area, Antarctica (extended abstract). Proc NIPR Symp on Polar Biol 5:177–179Google Scholar
  18. Kanda H, Ohtani S (1991) Morphology of the aquatic mosses collected in lake Yukidori, Langhovde, Antarctica (twelfth symposium on polar biology). Proc NIPR Symp Polar Biol 4:114–122Google Scholar
  19. Kaspar M, Simmons GM Jr, Parker BC et al (1982) Bryum Hedw. collected from Lake Vanda, Antarctica. Bryologist 85:424–430. doi: 10.2307/3242912 Google Scholar
  20. Kudoh S, Watanabe K, Imura S (2003a) Ecological studies of aquatic moss pillars in Antarctic lakes 2. Temperature and light environment at the moss habitat. Polar Biosci 16:23–32Google Scholar
  21. Kudoh S, Kashino Y, Imura S (2003b) Ecological studies of aquatic moss pillars in Antarctic lakes 3. Light response and chilling and heat sensitivity of photosynthesis. Polar Biosci 16:33–42Google Scholar
  22. Lewis AR, Marchant DR, Ashworth AC et al (2008) Mid-Miocene cooling and the extinction of tundra in continental Antarctica. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 105:10676–10680. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0802501105 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Light JJ, Heywood RB (1973) Deep-water mosses in Antarctic lakes. Nature 242:535–536. doi: 10.1038/242535a0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Light JJ, Heywood RB (1975) Is the vegetation of continental Antarctica predominantly aquatic? Nature 256:199–200. doi: 10.1038/256199a0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Nakanishi S (1977) Ecological studies of the moss and lichen communities in the ice-free areas near Syowa Station, Antarctica. Antarct Rec 59:68–96Google Scholar
  26. Ochi H (1979) A taxonomic review of the genus Bryum, musci in Antarctica. Mem Natl Inst Polar Res 11:70–80Google Scholar
  27. Ochyra R (1998). The moss flora of King George Island, Antarctica. Polish Academy of Sciences, W. Szafer Institute of Botany, CracowGoogle Scholar
  28. Ochyra R, Matteri CM (2001) Amblystegiaceae. Flora Criptogámica de Tierra del Fuego. In: Guerrera SA, Gamundi de Amos IJ, Matteri CM (eds) Buenos Aires: Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Clientíficasy Técnicas de la Republica Argentina, pp 1–96Google Scholar
  29. Ochyra R, Bednarek-Ochyra H, Lewis Smith RI (2002) New and rare moss species from subantarctic South Georgia. Nova Hedwig 74:121–147. doi: 10.1127/0029-5035/2002/0074-0121 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ochyra R, Lewis Smith RI, Bednarek-Ochyra H (2008) The illustrated moss flora of Antarctica. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  31. Pickard J, Seppelt RD (1984) Holocene occurrence of the moss Bryum algens Card in the Vestfold Hills, Antarctica. J Bryol 13:209–217Google Scholar
  32. Priddle J (1979) Morphology and adaptation of aquatic mosses in an Antarctic lake. J Bryol 10:517–529Google Scholar
  33. Priddle J (1980) The production ecology of benthic plants in some Antarctic lakes: I. In situ production studies. J Ecol 68:141–153. doi: 10.2307/2259248 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Priddle J, Dartnall HJG (1978) The biology of an Antarctic aquatic moss community. Freshw Biol 8:469–480. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.1978.tb01469.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Proctor MCF (1984) Structure and ecological adaptation. In: Dyer AFD, Duckett JG (eds) The experimental biology of bryophytes. Academic Press, London, pp 9–37Google Scholar
  36. Rao DN (1982) Responses of bryophytes to air pollution. In: Smith AJE (ed) Bryophyte ecology. Chapman and Hall, London, pp 445–471Google Scholar
  37. Riis T, Sand-Jensen K (1997) Growth reconstruction and photosynthesis of aquatic mosses: influence of light, temperature and carbon dioxide at depth. J Ecol 85:359–372. doi: 10.2307/2960508 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Savicz-Lyubitskaya LI, Smirnova ZN (1959) A new species of the genus Bryum Hedw. from Bunger’s Oasis. Inf Byull Sov Antarkt Eksped 7:34–39 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  39. Savicz-Lyubitskaya LI, Smirnova ZN (1960) New variety of Bryum korotkevicziae Sav.-Ljub. et Z. Smirn. Inf Byull Sov Antarkt Eksped 17:25–27 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  40. Savicz-Lyubitskaya LI, Smirnova ZN (1964) A deep-water member of the genus Plagiothecium Br. et Sch. in Antarctica. Inf Byull Sov Antarkt Eksped 49:33–39 (in Russian)Google Scholar
  41. Seppelt RD (1983) The status of the Antarctic moss Bryum korotkevicziae. Lindbergia 9:21–26Google Scholar
  42. Seppelt RD, Selkirk PM (1984) Effects of submersion on morphology and the implications of induced environmental modification on the taxonomic interpretation of selected Antarctic moss species. J Hattori B 55:273–279Google Scholar
  43. Takaki N (1985) The longest moss. Bryol Times 30:4Google Scholar
  44. Tewari SD, Pant G (1996) Some moss collections from Dakshin Gangotri, Antarctica. Bryol Times 91:7Google Scholar
  45. Wagner B, Seppelt R (2006) Deep-water occurrence of the moss Bryum pseudotriquetrum in Radok Lake, Amery Oasis, East Antarctica. Polar Biol 29:791–795. doi: 10.1007/s00300-006-0116-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Su-Ping Li
    • 1
  • Ryszard Ochyra
    • 2
  • Peng-Cheng Wu
    • 1
  • Rodney D. Seppelt
    • 3
  • Ming-Hong Cai
    • 4
  • Hai-Ying Wang
    • 5
  • Cheng-Sen Li
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of BotanyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute of BotanyPolish Academy of SciencesKrakówPoland
  3. 3.Australian Antarctic DivisionKingstonAustralia
  4. 4.Polar Research Institute of ChinaShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Key Laboratory of Systematic Mycology and Lichenology, Institute of MicrobiologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations