Polar Biology

, 32:663 | Cite as

Molecular surveillance for avian influenza A virus in king penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus)

  • Chung-Ming ChangEmail author
  • Camille Lebarbenchon
  • Michel Gauthier-Clerc
  • Céline Le Bohec
  • David Beaune
  • Yvon Le Maho
  • Sylvie van der Werf
Short Note


An investigation of the presence of influenza A virus has been conducted in king penguins (Aptenodytes patagonicus) at the Possession Island in the Crozet Archipelago, Antarctica, using a rapid molecular diagnostic method based on real-time polymerase chain reaction. No evidence of outbreak or positive viral infection of influenza A virus was found in this study. We however recommend the implementation of long-term surveillance in seabird populations of polar ecosystems to detect the potential introduction of exotic strains and potential existence of a local epidemiological cycle for avian influenza viruses.


Avian influenza virus Surveillance King penguin Real-time polymerase chain reaction 



We thank the Institut Polaire Français–Paul Emile Victor (IPEV) for financial and logistical support. Camille Lebarbenchon is supported by a Centre de Recherche de la Tour du Valat/Région Languedoc-Roussillon PhD fellowship. Chung-Ming Chang was supported by a Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) post-doctoral fellowship during this study. This work was funded by the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) Santé-Environnement/Santé au travail.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chung-Ming Chang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
    Email author
  • Camille Lebarbenchon
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Michel Gauthier-Clerc
    • 3
  • Céline Le Bohec
    • 4
  • David Beaune
    • 4
  • Yvon Le Maho
    • 4
  • Sylvie van der Werf
    • 1
  1. 1.Unité de Génétique Moléculaire des Virus Respiratoires, URA3015 CNRSEA302 Université Paris-Diderot Paris 7, Institut PasteurParis Cedex 15France
  2. 2.Génétique et Évolution des Maladies Infectieuses, UMR 2724IRDMontpellier Cedex 5France
  3. 3.Centre de Recherche de la Tour du ValatArlesFrance
  4. 4.Département d’Écologie, Physiologie et ÉthologieInstitut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, UMR 7178Strasbourg Cedex 02France
  5. 5.Department of Medical Biotechnology and Laboratory Science, Research Center for Emerging Viral InfectionsChang Gung UniversityTao-YuanTaiwan

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