Isolation of diverse viable fungi from the larvae of the introduced chironomid Eretmoptera murphyi on Signy Island
- 97 Downloads
The chironimid midge Eretmoptera murphyi has been introduced to Signy Island and has since become established at a single site. Viable propagules of a diverse range of micro-fungi were recovered from the normal intestinal tract of larvae of E. murphyi, indicating the potential for the larvae to act as vectors for fungal introductions. The fungi present in the intestines of the larvae included ascomycetes, zygomycetes and an oomycete, and this diversity highlights the potential for multiple microbial introductions from a single invertebrate introduction.
KeywordsMalt Extract Agar Oomycete Fungal Taxon Cenis Pythium Species
This work was undertaken as part of the British Antarctic Survey Long Term Monitoring Programme.
- Block W, Burn AJ, Richard KJ (1984) An insect introduction to the maritime Antarctic. Biol J Linn Soc 23:33–39Google Scholar
- Brasier CM, Gibbs JN (1976) Origin of the Dutch elm disease epidemic in Britain. Nature 224:607–609Google Scholar
- Bridge PD, Spooner BM (2006) List of non-lichenized fungi from the Antarctic region, version 2.1.2. http://www.antarctica.ac.uk/Resources/BSD/Fungi/Speciespublic2.html
- Cranston PS (1985) Eretmoptera murphyi Schaeffer (Diptera: Chironomidae), an apparently parthenogenetic Antarctic midge. Br Antarct Surv Bull 66:35–45Google Scholar
- Domsch KH, Gams W, Anderson TH (1980) Compendium of soil fungi. Academic, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Lawrence J, Milner RJ (1996) Associations between arthropods and fungi. In: Orchard AE (ed) Fungi of Australia, vol 1B. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra, pp 137–202Google Scholar
- Murrin F (1996) Fungi and insects. In: Howard DH, Miller JD (eds) The mycota, vol 6. Springer, Berlin, pp 365–388Google Scholar
- van der Plaats-Niterink J (1981) Monograph of the genus Pythium. Studies in mycology, vol 21. CBS, BaarnGoogle Scholar
- Webster J (1980) Introduction to fungi, 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
- White TJ, Bruns TD, Lee S, Taylor J (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal DNA genes for phylogenetics. In: Innis MA, Sninsky DH, White TJ (eds) PCR protocols. Academic, London, pp 315–322Google Scholar