Advertisement

Polar Biology

, Volume 28, Issue 7, pp 568–570 | Cite as

Alien fly populations established at two Antarctic research stations

  • Kevin A. HughesEmail author
  • Shaun Walsh
  • Peter Convey
  • Sarah Richards
  • Dana M. Bergstrom
Short Note

Abstract

The populations of two non-native Dipterans have been established at two Antarctic research stations since at least 1998. Both belong to Sciaridae (“black fungus midge”), and have been determined to the genus Lycoriella. At Rothera Research Station, Antarctic Peninsula, flies are present in the station alcohol bond store, while at Casey Station, on the coast of continental Antarctica, a second Lycoriella sp. is found breeding in the station sewage facilities. Neither species is thought capable of surviving outside the protected environment of the research station buildings, but their establishment highlights the need for strict quarantine controls in order for National Operators in the Antarctic to conform to the Environmental Protocol of the Antarctic Treaty and prevent the introduction of alien species into Antarctica. Protocols for fly eradication are currently being implemented.

Keywords

Sewage Treatment Plant Antarctic Peninsula Antarctic Treaty Black Fungus Coniothyrium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to acknowledge the help of Drs P. Greenslade (CSIRO) and N. Wyatt (Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London) for examination of specimens of the two fly species, and John Rich in the collection of Casey fly trap data. This paper contributes to the SCAR (Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research) RiSCC (Regional Sensitivity to Climate Change in Antarctica) Program, and the British Antarctic Survey’s core project BIRESA (Biological Responses to Environmental Stress in Antarctica).

References

  1. Antarctic Treaty Consultative Parties (1991) Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty. CM 1960. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. Frenot Y, Chown SL, Whinam J, Selkirk P, Convey P, Skotnicki M, Bergstrom D (2005) Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications. Biol Rev 80:45–72Google Scholar
  3. Harris MA, Gardner WA, Oetting RD (1996) A review of the scientific literature on fungus gnats (Diptera: Sciaridae) in the genus Bradysia. J Entomol Sci 31:252–276Google Scholar
  4. Jarvis WR, Shipp JL, Gardiner RB (1993) Transmission of Pythium aphanidermatum to greenhouse cucumber by the fungus gnat Bradysia impatiens (Diptera, Sciaridae). Ann Appl Biol 122:23–29Google Scholar
  5. Séguy E (1940) Croisière du Bougainville aux Iles Australes Françaises. Diptères. Mémoires du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (N.S.) 14:203–267Google Scholar
  6. Steffan WA (1970) Diptera: Sciaridae of South Georgia. Pac Insects Monogr 23:277–281Google Scholar
  7. Van Klinken RD, Greenslade P (2005) Insecta. In: Invertebrates of Macquarie Island, (ed. by P. Greenslade), Australian Antarctic Division, Kingston Australia (in press)Google Scholar
  8. Whinam J, Chilcott N, Bergstrom DM (2005) Subantarctic hitchhikers: expeditioners as vectors for the introduction of alien organisms. Biol Conserv 121:207–219Google Scholar
  9. Whipps JM, Budge SP (1993) Transmission of the mycoparasite Coniothyrium-mintans by collembolan Folsomia candida (Collembola, Entomobryidae) and glasshouse Sciarid Bradysia sp. (Diptera, Sciaridae). Ann Appl Biol 123:165–171Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin A. Hughes
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shaun Walsh
    • 2
  • Peter Convey
    • 1
  • Sarah Richards
    • 3
  • Dana M. Bergstrom
    • 2
  1. 1.British Antarctic SurveyNatural Environment Research CouncilCambridgeUK
  2. 2.Australian Antarctic DivisionKingstonAustralia
  3. 3.School of Environmental Science and Natural Resources Management, National Marine Science CentreUniversity of New EnglandCoffs HarbourAustralia

Personalised recommendations