Strategies for promoting division of cultured plant protoplasts: synergistic beneficial effects of haemoglobin (Erythrogen) and Pluronic F-68
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Novel approaches, involving supplementation of aqueous culture medium with haemoglobin solution (Erythrogen), in the presence or absence of the copolymer surfactant, Pluronic F-68, have been evaluated to facilitate cellular oxygen availability to promote mitotic division. Cell-suspension-derived protoplasts of albino Petunia hybrida cv. Comanche were cultured for up to 45 days in KM8P medium containing 1:50–1:500 (vol:vol) Erythrogen. The mean initial protoplast plating efficiency after 9 days with 1:50 Erythrogen (18.5%) was significantly greater (P<0.05) than in untreated controls (11.3%). Supplementation of culture medium with 1:50 Erythrogen, together with 0.01% (wt/vol) Pluronic F-68, increased the mean plating efficiency after 9 days (24.4%) by 92% (P<0.05) over the control (12.7%). These treatments also produced increases in biomass of protoplast-derived cells up to 2.5-fold greater than control (P<0.01) over 80 days. Gassing the medium, containing 1:50 Erythrogen, with carbon monoxide abolished the increase in plating efficiency. There was no additional benefit of gassing Erythrogen-supplemented medium with 100% oxygen. The synergistic, beneficial effect of Erythrogen and Pluronic F-68 on protoplast division has implications for plant biotechnology utilising protoplasts.
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