Production of transgenic tall fescue and red fescue plants by particle bombardment of mature seed-derived highly regenerative tissues
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Highly regenerative tissues of tall fescue and red fescue produced from mature seed-derived embryogenic callus were induced and proliferated on medium containing 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (4.5 or 9.0 μM), 6-benzylaminopurine (0, 0.044, 0.44 or 2.2 μM) and cupric sulfate (0.1 or 5.0 μM) under dim-light conditions (10 to 30 μE m–2 s–1, 16 h light). Tall fescue tissues were transformed with three plasmids containing the genes for hygromycin phosphotransferase (hpt), phosphinothricin acetyltransferase (bar) and β-glucuronidase (uidA;gus), and red fescue with three plasmids containing hpt, uidA and a synthetic green fluorescent protein gene [sgfp(S65T)]. DNA from T0 plants of eight independently transformed lines from tall fescue and 11 from red fescue were analyzed by PCR and DNA blot hybridization. The co-expression frequency of all three transgenes [hpt/bar/uidA or hpt/uidA/sgfp(S65T)] in transgenic tall fescue and red fescue plants was 25–27%; for two transgenes [hpt/bar or hpt/uidA for tall fescue and hpt/uidA or hpt/sgfp(S65T) for red fescue], the co-expression frequency was 50–75%.
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