Plant Cell Reports

, Volume 37, Issue 5, pp 819–832 | Cite as

Overexpression of VpPR10.1 by an efficient transformation method enhances downy mildew resistance in V. vinifera

Original Article

Abstract

Key message

Putrescine and spermidine increase the transformation efficiency of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Thompson seedless. Accumulation of VpPR10.1 in transgenic V. vinifera Thompson seedless, likely increases its resistance to downy mildew.

Abstract

A more efficient method is described for facilitating Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Thompson Seedless somatic embryogenesis using polyamines (PAs). The efficacies of putrescine, spermidine and spermine are identified at a range of concentrations (10 µM, 100 µM and 1 mM) added to the culture medium during somatic embryo growth. Putrescine (PUT) and spermidine (SPD) promote the recovery of proembryonic masses (PEM) and the development of somatic embryos (SE) after co-cultivation. Judging from the importance of the time-frame in genetic transformation, PAs added at the co-cultivation stage have a stronger effect than delayed selection treatments, which are superior to antibiotic treatments in the selection stage. Best embryogenic responses are with 1 mM PUT and 100 µM SPD added to the co-culture medium. Using the above method, a pathogenesis-related gene (VpPR10.1) from Chinese wild Vitis pseudoreticulata was transferred into Thompson Seedless for functional evaluation. The transgenic line, confirmed by western blot analysis, was inoculated with Plasmopara viticola to test for downy mildew resistance. Based on observed restrictions of hyphal growth and increases in H2O2 accumulation in the transgenic plants, the accumulation of VpPR10.1 likely enhanced the transgenic plants resistance to downy mildew.

Keywords

Grapevine Polyamine Transformation Downy mildew VpPR10.1 Resistance 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 31471844, 31601716, 31272125). Support was also received from the “948” Program, Ministry of Agriculture, China (Grant No. 2016-X11). The authors thank Dr. Alexander (Sandy) Lang from RESCRIPT Co. (New Zealand) for useful comments and language editing which have greatly improved the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology in Arid Areas, College of HorticultureNorthwest A&F UniversityYanglingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology and Germplasm Innovation in Northwest ChinaMinistry of AgricultureYanglingPeople’s Republic of China

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