Enhanced multiple stress tolerance in Arabidopsis by overexpression of the polar moss peptidyl prolyl isomerase FKBP12 gene
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PaFKBP12 overexpression in Arabidopsis resulted in stress tolerance to heat, ABA, drought, and salt stress, in addition to growth promotion under normal conditions.
Polytrichastrum alpinum (alpine haircap moss) is one of polar organisms that can withstand the severe conditions of the Antarctic. In this study, we report the isolation of a peptidyl prolyl isomerase FKBP12 gene (PaFKBP12) from P. alpinum collected in the Antarctic and its functional implications in development and stress responses in plants. In P. alpinum, PaFKBP12 expression was induced by heat and ABA. Overexpression of PaFKBP12 in Arabidopsis increased the plant size, which appeared to result from increased rates of cell cycle. Under heat stress conditions, PaFKBP12-overexpressing lines (PaFKBP12-OE) showed better growth and survival than the wild type. PaFKBP12-OE also showed higher root elongation rates, better shoot growth and enhanced survival at higher concentrations of ABA in comparison to the wild type. In addition, PaFKBP12-OE were more tolerant to drought and salt stress than the wild type. All these phenotypes were accompanied with higher induction of the stress responsive genes in PaFKBP12-OE than in the wild type. Taken together, our findings revealed important functions of PaFKBP12 in plant development and abiotic stress responses.
KeywordsFK506 binding protein FKBP12 Peptidyl prolyl isomerase Stress tolerance Arabidopsis thaliana Polytrichastrum alpinum
This work was supported by the Global Research Laboratory Program (2017K1A1A2013146) through the National Research Foundation (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT), Republic of Korea, and by Polar Genomics 101 Project (PE17080), the Korea Polar Research Institute.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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