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TLR9 polymorphisms and systemic lupus erythematosus risk: an update meta-analysis study

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Abstract

It has been reported that the Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) gene polymorphisms may be associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) risk. However, some studies yielded conflicting results. Therefore, a comprehensive meta-analysis was performed to assess the precise association between TLR9 polymorphisms and SLE susceptibility. We performed a systematic search in PubMed, Embase (Ovid), China National Knowledge Internet, and Wanfang databases up to July 15, 2015. Odds ratio (OR) and 95 % confidence interval (CI) were used to pool the effect size. Statistical analyses were performed with STATA 11.0 software. In total, 21 studies from nineteen articles with 10,273 subjects were included in this meta-analysis. The overall results suggested that there was a statistically significant association between TLR9 rs187084 polymorphism and SLE risk observed in recessive model (TT vs. TC + CC: OR 1.17, 95 % CI 1.05–1.30, P = 0.005), codominant model (TT vs. CC: OR 1.22, 95 % CI 1.03–1.43, P = 0.019), and allele model (T vs. C: OR 1.15, 95 % CI 1.02–1.30, P = 0.020) in Asians. However, we found that there may be no significant association between the other three TLR9 polymorphisms and SLE risk in either Asians or non-Asians. In conclusion, the meta-analysis results suggested that TLR9 rs187084 polymorphism may increase the risk of SLE in Asians. However, no significant association between TLR9 SNPs (rs352139, rs352140, and rs5743836) and SLE risk was identified.

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Correspondence to Zongke Zhou.

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Wang, D., Zhang, C., Zhou, Z. et al. TLR9 polymorphisms and systemic lupus erythematosus risk: an update meta-analysis study. Rheumatol Int 36, 585–595 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00296-015-3404-0

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