Rheumatology International

, Volume 35, Issue 2, pp 371–371 | Cite as

Re: “Abdominal aortic aneurysm causing lumbar vertebral erosion in Behcet’s disease presenting by low back pain”

  • Antonio BozzaniEmail author
  • Vittorio Arici
  • Franco Ragni
  • Angelo Argenteri
Letter to the Editor - Replies


Compute Tomography Angiography Aortic Aneurysm Abdominal Aorta Aneurysm Abdominal Aorta Aneurysm Chondrosarcoma 
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To Editor,

Orücü et al. [1] reported, in their recent article, an interesting clinical case on a 55-year-old male with a diagnosis of Behcet’s disease (BD) with low back pain that had persisted for 2 years. Further examination with magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography angiography revealed two saccular chronic contained rupture (CCR) of infrarenal abdominal aorta aneurysms (AAA) with erosion of L3 vertebra body extensively and anterosuperior margin of L4 vertebra body. The patient was treated with the combination of glucocorticoid and immunosuppressive agent prior to vascular intervention and successive endovascular aortic repair. The author concludes that vertebral erosion due to aortic aneurysms is rarely reported; it should be remembered among the causes of low back pain in BD patients.

The classical triad of abdominal (or back) pain, shock, and pulsatile mass is not always present in case of CCR of AAA. The overall rate of CCR-AAA reported in literature ranges from 3.3 to 35 %. Vertebral erosion (VE) is rarely associated with aortic chronic rupture, and is even more infrequent in case of nonruptured AAA. In our systematic review of the literature [2], other pathological conditions related to AAA and VE were history of previous abdominal aortic graft replacement (16.7 %), Behcet’s disease (9.5 %), skeletal disorders as Forestier disease or osteoporosis (4.8 %) and vertebral chondrosarcoma (2.4 %). The lower back pain of diverse gravity and duration was the most prevalent symptom [3].

We agree with the authors that it is important to discriminate infected aneurysms because the vascular prosthesis implant and inappropriate administration of immunosuppressing agents are deleterious. In our opinion, the aneurysm and vertebral erosion morphology are not sufficient to distinguish infected aneurysm or a possible spondylodiscitis [4, 5, 6].

Do you consider that further laboratory or instrumental test was needed?


  1. 1.
    Orücü M, Keleş D, Peker E, Cakıcı M, Shimbori N, Erden I, Yazıcıoğlu L, Sonel Tur B (2014) Abdominal aortic aneurysm causing lumbar vertebral erosion in Behcet’s disease presenting by low back pain. Rheumatol Int. doi: 10.1007/s00296-014-3077-0 PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Arici V, Rossi M, Bozzani A, Moia A, Odero A (2012) Massive vertebral destruction associated with chronic rupture of infrarenal aortic aneurysm: case report and systematic review of the literature in the English language. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 37(26):E1665–E1671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Arici V, Bozzani A, Odero A (2013) Successful endovascular treatment of a bronchial artery aneurysm refractory to transcatheter embolization. Ann Vasc Surg 27(6):802PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pirrelli S, Arici V, Bozzani A, Odero A (2005) Aortic graft infections: treatment with arterial allograft. Transplant Proc 37(6):3694–3696CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bozzani A, Arici V, Odero A (2010) What is the real risk of stent-graft infection in the treatment of aortobronchial fistulas? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 139(2):511–512PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bozzani A, Arici V, Odero A (2013) Aortic stentgraft in aortobronchial fistula is a bridge solution? Ann Thorac Surg 95(1):381–382PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Bozzani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vittorio Arici
    • 1
  • Franco Ragni
    • 1
  • Angelo Argenteri
    • 1
  1. 1.Vascular and Endovascular SurgeryFoundation I.R.C.C.S. Policlinico San MatteoPaviaItaly

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