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Rheumatology International

, Volume 34, Issue 6, pp 759–762 | Cite as

Mediterranean diet intervention for patients with hyperuricemia: a pilot study

  • M. Chatzipavlou
  • G. Magiorkinis
  • L. Koutsogeorgopoulou
  • D. KassimosEmail author
Short Communication

Abstract

Dietary interventions have been suggested to be a safe cost-efficient way to control hyperuricemia. The aim of the study is to assess the potential of mediterranean diet as intervention to control the level of urate in patients with hyperuricemia in a small sample of patients. Patients with asymptomatic hyperuricemia were recruited from outpatient clinics and were enrolled into personal Mediterranean diet–based programs. Body mass index (BMI), serum urate, lipid profile and indirect calorimetry were measured at the beginning and then monthly for the first 3 months and then at the sixth month. At the same time, patients’ compliance with the Mediterranean diet was assessed by a formal interview and standard questionnaire. Only six out of twelve patients managed to complete the diet (dropout rate 50 %). Their BMI remained constant during the trial period in the level of 1st degree obesity (BMI = 31.46). The mean value of serum urate at the beginning of the study was 9.12 mg/dl. After the first month, there was a reduction in urate by 20 % with mean urate at 6.92 mg/dl. The second, third and sixth month mean urate levels were 6.32, 6.1 and 6.4 mg/dl, respectively. The effect of the mediterranean diet was rapid at the first month and remained constant throughout the dietary intervention, suggesting that it might have a clinically significant effect on urate level thus providing a cost-efficient and safe alternative to pharmaceutical intervention as first-line treatment of hyperuricemia.

Keywords

Hyperuricemia Mediterranean diet intervention Pilot study 

Notes

Acknowledgments

M. C., L. K. and D. K. designed and conducted research. G. M. performed statistical analyses. All the authors contributed in the writing of the paper.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Chatzipavlou
    • 1
  • G. Magiorkinis
    • 2
  • L. Koutsogeorgopoulou
    • 3
  • D. Kassimos
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Nutrition Department401 General Military Hospital of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.Department of Zoology, St. Cross CollegeUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  3. 3.Department of PathophysiologyGeneral Hospital “Laiko”AthensGreece
  4. 4.Rheumatology Unit401 General Military Hospital of AthensAthensGreece

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