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Transient unilateral oculomotor palsy and severe headache in childhood Kawasaki disease

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Transient affliction of the cranial nerves may at times be either the presenting feature or complication of otherwise uncomplicated Kawasaki disease (KD) in infants and children. The present report describes a 6 year 9 month old boy with classical KD who developed right-sided oculomotor nerve palsy (manifested by ipsilateral ptosis and medial rectus palsy) resulting in symptoms like severe nausea, intense frontal headache and double vision. The palsy resolved within 5 days of intravenous immunoglobulin therapy, with no residual ophthalmological abnormality at 6 weeks. Besides increased intracranial pressure, which commonly occurs during the course of KD in children, secondary to aseptic meningitis, intense headache in such children may have cranial nerve paresis as accentuating factors.

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Correspondence to Rajoo Thapa.

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Thapa, R., Mallick, D., Biswas, B. et al. Transient unilateral oculomotor palsy and severe headache in childhood Kawasaki disease. Rheumatol Int 31, 97–99 (2011).

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