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How do marginal osteophytes, joint space narrowing and range of motion affect each other in patients with knee osteoarthritis

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Abstract

To assess the number, location, direction and size of osteophytes and the change of the joint space width (JSW) in radiographs of the tibiofemoral (TF) joint in middle-aged people with longstanding knee pain with radiographic osteoarthritis (OA), and to correlate between the range of motion (ROM). In the format of a retrospective study, the OA of both knee in 84 people, 8 men and 76 women (aged 42–77 years), with chronic knee pain at inclusion were examined. The JSW of the TF joint and the number, location, direction and size of osteophyte were evaluated using a PA view in weightbearing. The location and direction of osteophytes showed some variation at each site, particularly at the lateral tibial plateau and medial femoral trochlea. Significant correlations were found between ROM of the right and left knee and the size, location and direction of the most osteophytes. In both knees, the JSW medially was lower when compared with the lateral compartment. The mean JSW in the lateral tibiofemoral compartment of the right knee was associated with active and passive flexion degree of the patients. The mean JSW in the medial and lateral tibiofemoral compartment of the left knee correlated with BMI, and changes in the Kellgren and Lawrence grade of the patients. There was found statistically significant correlation between mechanical medial proximal tibial angle and the osteophyte size of the right and left knee. We think that definitions which incorporate both osteophytes and joint space narrowing offer the association with worsening of active and passive ROM.

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Correspondence to Ferda Ozdemir.

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Ozdemir, F., Tukenmez, O., Kokino, S. et al. How do marginal osteophytes, joint space narrowing and range of motion affect each other in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Rheumatol Int 26, 516–522 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00296-005-0016-0

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