Preparation and physicochemical study of jute and glass composites of epoxy resin of (2E, 6E)-bis(4-hydroxybenzylidene)cyclohexanone

  • P. H. ParsaniaEmail author
  • Dharmesh B. Sankhavara
  • Jalpa Chopda
  • Jignesh P. Patel
Original Paper


Jute and glass composites of epoxy resin of (2E, 6E)-bis(4-hydroxybenzylidene)cyclohexanone (EBHBC) were prepared by compressing molding technique using three different hardeners at 150/120 °C for 3 h under 20 MPa pressure. J-EBHBC-DDM, J-EBHBC-DDS, J-EBHBC-THPA, G-EBHBC-DDS and G-EBHBC-THPA possess 9.8, 19.0, 15.8, 42.9 and 46.7 MPa tensile strength; 93.6, 24.9, 95.0, 97.9 and 184.2 MPa flexural strength; 5.6, 2.9, 3.0, 20.2 and 7.7 kV/mm electric strength; and 4.24 × 109, 2.91 × 1010, 1.35 × 109, 2.78 × 1011 and 2.23 × 1011 Ω cm volume resistivity. The nature and structure of the hardeners have affected mechanical and electrical properties of the jute and glass composites. Water absorption behavior of composites is tested in pure water and 10% each of aqueous HCl, H2SO4, HNO3, NaOH, KOH, NaCl solutions at 35 °C as well as in boiling water. Nature of electrolytes has affected water absorption and diffusivity of solvated water in the composites. Both types of the composites showed excellent hydrolytic stability, high water absorption tendency and longer equilibrium time. Water absorption behavior in the composites was found quite different in different environments indicating different diffusivity in different environments. The composites may be useful for low load bearing housing, electrical and marine applications.


Composites Tensile strength flexural strength Electric strength Volume resistivity Water absorption 



The authors are thankful to FIST-DST and SAP-UGC for their generous financial support for instrumentation support to the Department of Chemistry. P. H. Parsania and Dharmesh B. Sankhavara are also thankful to University Grants Commission—New Delhi, for BSR Faculty Fellowship (F.No.18-1/2011 (BSR), February 15, 2016) and Junior Research Fellowship.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. H. Parsania
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dharmesh B. Sankhavara
    • 1
  • Jalpa Chopda
    • 1
  • Jignesh P. Patel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistrySaurashtra UniversityRajkotIndia

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