The role of solvent on the formulation of graphene/polyporphyrin hybrid material versus photocatalytic activity

Abstract

The influence of solvent used to prepare hybrid materials for photocatalytic applications formulated by cyclic bisphenol A/porphyrin copolyformal and graphene is here reported. To this purpose, the polymer is dissolved in different solvents [chloroform, tetrahydrofuran and dimethylformamide (DMF)] and used to impregnate via bath deposition 2D graphene. Depending on the nature of the solvent, polymer coats differently the graphene substrates producing peculiar SEM and AFM data. Microscopic and nanoscopic features of formulated materials were correlated with their photocatalytic activities by using methylene blue degradation test. Data collected under visible-light irradiation reveal as the best photodegradation performance was displayed by graphene coated with DMF copolyporphyrin solution.

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Acknowledgements

This work was funded by the ESF-Sicilia 2014-2020 call 11/2017 project SENTI (Sensori Elettronici, Nano Tecnologie, Informatica per l’agricoltura di precisione - CIP 2014.IT.05.SFOP.014/3/10.4/9.2.10/0007) coordinated by CNR-IVALSA. The authors wish to thank Dr. Gonçalo Gonçalves, from AIXTRON SE, for his skilful technical assistance.

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Correspondence to Martina Ussia.

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Figure S1:

10 μm × 10 μm and three-dimensional AFM image of the Ni/Graphene (on top) surface. Figure S2: UV–Vis reflectance spectra of copolymers in CHCl3, THF and DMF. Table S1: The properties of CHCl3, THF and DMF (PDF 2466 kb)

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Ussia, M., Ruffino, F., Bruno, E. et al. The role of solvent on the formulation of graphene/polyporphyrin hybrid material versus photocatalytic activity. Polym. Bull. 77, 2073–2087 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00289-019-02849-1

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