Polymer Bulletin

, Volume 75, Issue 12, pp 5695–5712 | Cite as

Role of quaternary ammonium compound immobilized metallic graphene oxide in PMMA/PEG membrane for antibacterial, antifouling and selective gas permeability properties

  • Saz Muhammad
  • Muhammad Siddiq
  • Javed H. Niazi
  • Anjum QureshiEmail author
Original Paper


Recently, there is a high demand for development of polymeric membrane for their widespread technological applications. Polymer blends incorporation with inorganic composite particles is the most effective strategy for obtaining antifouling, antibacterial, gas and water permeable membrane materials. However, their biological and surface properties are always hindered by the inefficient interaction of filler into polymer matrix because it is distributed into the bulk membrane matrix. In this study, graphene oxide nanosheets are incorporated with metal (Ag)/metal oxide (ZnO) composite filler (MGO) followed by surface modification with quaternary cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) to enhance non-covalent interactions between filler and poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA)/polyethylene glycol (PEG) blend membrane. The membrane was utilized for improving antifouling, antibacterial and gas permeability of membrane. Our results indicated that CTAB-modified filler (CTAB@MGO) was bonded to the polymer blend membrane without affecting the membranes’ physicochemical properties. The prepared CTAB@MGO–PMMA/PEG membrane showed excellent antibacterial property against model Escherichia coli bacteria. The antifouling activity and CTAB stability results of modified blend membrane ensured reduced bovine serum albumin adsorption and slow dissociation of surfactant molecules, respectively. The CTAB@MGO–PMMA/PEG blend membrane also showed promising gas permeability results with hydrogen (H2), nitrogen (N2) and carbon dioxide (CO2). The presented approach highlights the potential of surface modification of filler and introduces them in polymeric membrane as a simple, easy and cost-effective strategy for preparing antifouling and gas/water permeable polymeric membranes.


Metallic graphene oxide CTAB Surface modification Antifouling Antibacterial BSA adsorption Gas permeability 



The authors thank Dr. Kamlendra Awasthi for gas permeation characterization of samples. We thank Dr. S Bharadwaj and Ashish Pandey for their assistance in sample preparation and SEM imaging of samples.

Supplementary material

289_2018_2356_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.1 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1128 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sabanci University SUNUM Nanotechnology Research CentreTuzlaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryQuaid-i-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan

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