Synthesis and properties of ABPPQ for high-temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells

  • Steve Lien-Chung Hsu
  • Chia-Wei Liu
  • Chia-Hui Tu
  • Hung-Yi Chuang
  • Elena Bulycheva
  • Natalya Belomoina
Original Paper
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, the one-pot synthesis of self-polymerizable quinoxaline monomer was developed. 3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-phenyl-6-fluoroquinoxaline and 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-phenyl-6-fluoroquinoxaline mixture (M1a,b) was synthesized from benzyl 4-hydroxyphenyl ketone and 1,2-diamino-4-fluorobenzene, catalyzed by 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane. Then, an ether-containing AB type polyphenylquinoxaline (ABPPQ) was synthesized successfully from the monomer M1a,b. The ether-containing ABPPQ is organosoluble, and has good proton conductivity at high temperatures after doping with phosphoric acid. It is suitable for use in high-temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Compared to polybenzimidazole (PBI), ABPPQ has higher acid doping level at the same doping time, because it has more sites that can be doped with phosphoric acid in the PPQ’s molecular structure than PBI.

Keywords

Fuel cell Polyphenlyquinoxaline Phosphoric acid doping 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful for the financial support from the Ministry of Science and Technology (Taiwan, ROC) through project MOST 105-2923-E-006-003-MY3. Also, this research was, in part, supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research through project 16-53-52032 MNT.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Research Center for Energy Technology and Strategy, Center for Micro/Nano Science and TechnologyNational Cheng-Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan, ROC
  2. 2.A. N. Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement CompoundsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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