In this work, the effect of nanoclay in carbon black reinforced PC-PBT has been investigated on the basis of changes in their mechanical and thermal properties. It has been believed on the basis of FESEM images that CB supports for the expansion of PBT rods and PC wraps around these expanded rods. However, the effect of reinforcing filler for improvement in mechanical properties has been found insignificant which may be due to the agglomeration of reinforcing particles. Addition of nanoclay in carbon black reinforced PC-PBT composite blend shown considerable improvement in its tensile strength (113%). This should be due to the improved dispersion of CB in polymer matrix and better linked-up structure of PBT rods after addition of NC. In addition, this combination has shown simultaneous improvement in tensile strength and ductility which is unusual and may be desirable in many structural applications.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Giannelis EM (1998) Polymer-layered silicate nanocomposites: synthesis, properties and applications. Appl Organomet Chem 12:675–680
Zhao X, Lv L, Bingcai P, Zhang W, Zhang S, Zhang Q (2011) Polymer-supported nanocomposites for environmental application: a review. Chem Eng J 170:381–394
Petra P, Bhattacharyya AR, Janke A (2004) Melt mixing of polycarbonate with multiwalled carbon nanotubes: microscopic studies on the state of dispersion. Eur Polym J 40:137–148
Leszczynska A, Njuguna J, Pielichowski K, Banerjee JR (2007) Polymer/montmorillonite nanocomposites with improved thermal properties: part I. Factors influencing thermal stability and mechanisms of thermal stability improvement. Thermochim Acta 453:75–96
Mirmohseni A, Zavareh S (2010) Preparation and characterization of an epoxy nanocomposite toughened by a combination of thermoplastic, layered and particulate nano-fillers. Mater Des 31:2699–2706
Chen B, Evans JRG (2005) Thermoplastic starch–clay nanocomposites and their characteristics. Carbohydr Polym 61:455–463
Hedayati M, Salehi M, Bagheri R, Panjepour M, Naeimi F (2012) Tribological and mechanical properties of amorphous and semi-crystalline PEEK/SiO2 nanocomposite coatings deposited on the plain carbon steel by electrostatic powder spray technique. Prog Org Coat 74:50–58
Sui G, Jana S, Zhong WH, Fuqua MA, Ulven CA (2008) Dielectric properties and conductivity of carbon nanofiber/semi-crystalline polymer composites. Acta Mater 56:2381–2388
Santos JMRCA, Guthrie JT (2005) Polymer blends: the PC-PBT case. J Mater Chem 16:237–245
Murthy NS, Minor H (1990) General procedure for evaluating amorphous scattering crystallinity from X-ray diffraction scans of semicrystalline polymers. Polymer 31:996–1002
Powell CE, Beall GW (2006) Physical properties of polymer/clay nanocomposites. Curr Opin Solid State Mater Sci 10:73–80
Cyras VP, Manfredi LB, Ton-That MT, Vazquez A (2008) Physical and mechanical properties of thermoplastic starch/montmorillonite nanocomposite films. Carbohydr Polym 73:55–63
Marquis DM, Guillaume E, Chivas-Joly C (2011) Properties of nanofillers in polymer. In: Cuppoletti J (ed) Nanocomposites and polymers with analytical methods. InTech. doi:10.5772/21694 Available from:http://www.intechopen.com/books/nanocomposites-and-polymers-withanalytical-methods/properties-of-nanofillers-in-polymer
Mishra JK, Hwang KJ, Ha CS (2005) Preparation, mechanical and rheological properties of a thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO)/organoclay nanocomposite with reference to the effect of maleic anhydride modified polypropylene as a compatibilizer. Polymer 46:1995–2002
Zhao C, Qin H, Gong F, Feng M, Zhang S, Yang M (2005) Mechanical, thermal and flammability properties of polyethylene/clay nanocomposites. Polym Degrad Stab 87:183–189
Schmidt D, Shah D, Giannelis EP (2002) New advances in polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites. Curr Opin Solid State Mater Sci 6:205–212
Weber RP, Vecchio KS, Suarez JCM (2010) Dynamic behaviour of gamma-irradiated polycarbonate. Rev Mater 15:218–224
Athreya SR, Kalaitzidou K, Das S (2011) Mechanical and microstructural properties of Nylon 12/carbon black composites: selective laser sintering versus melt compounding and injection molding. Compos Sci Technol 71:506–510
Li WD, Zeng JB, Lou XJ, Zhang JJ, Wang YZ (2012) Aromatic–aliphatic random and block copolyesters: synthesis, sequence distribution and thermal properties. Polym Chem 3:1344–1353
Yeh JM, Chang KC, Peng CW, Lai MC, Hung CB, Hsu SC, Hwang SS, Lin HR (2009) Effect of dispersion capability of organoclay on cellular structure and physical properties of PMMA/clay nanocomposite foams. Mater Chem Phys 115:774-750
Fernández-Blázquez JP, del Campo A (2012) Templateless nanostructuration of polymer surfaces. Soft Matter 8:2503–2508
DePolo WS, Baird DG (2009) Particulate reinforced PC/PBT composites. II. Effect of nano-clay particles on dimensional stability and structure–property relationships. Polym Compos 30:200–213
Esmizadeh E, Naderi G, Paran SMR (2016) Preparation and characterization of hybrid nanocomposites based on NBR/nanoclay/carbon black. Polym Compos. doi:10.1002/pc.24055
Mir S, Asghar B, Khan AK, Rashid R, Shaikh AJ et al (2016) The effects of nanoclay on thermal, mechanical and rheological properties of LLDPE/chitosan blend. J Polym Eng. doi:10.1515/polyeng-2015-0350
Praveen S, Chattopadhyay PK, Albert P, Dalvi VG, Chakraborty BC, Chattopadhyay S (2009) Synergistic effect of carbon black and nanoclay fillers in styrene butadiene rubber matrix: development of dual structure. Compos A 40:309–316
Hoidy WH (2013) Study of preparation for co-polymer nanocomposites using PLA/LDPE/CTAB modified clay. Iraqi Natl J Chem 49:61–72
Taghizadeh E, Naderi G, Razavi-Nouri M (2011) Effects of organoclay on the mechanical properties and microstructure of PA6/ECO blend. Polym Test 30:327–334
Abdelaziz M (2013) The effects of carbon nanoparticles on thermal and dielectric properties of bisphenol A polycarbonate. J Thermoplast Compos 8:1–21
Bian J, Lin HL, He FX, Wang L, Wei XW, Chang T, Sancaktar E (2013) Processing and assessment of high-performance poly(butylenes terephthalate) nanocomposites reinforced with microwave exfoliated graphite oxide nanosheets. Eur Polym J 49:1406–1423
Electronic supplementary material
Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.
About this article
Cite this article
Sharma, P., Panwar, V., Kharitonov, A.P. et al. Effect of nanoclay on carbon black reinforced blend of amorphous–semicrystalline polymers. Polym. Bull. 74, 3341–3351 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00289-016-1887-9